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Dysmorphism-conductive hearing loss-heart defect syndrome

MedGen UID:
767688
Concept ID:
C3554774
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Tyshchenko syndrome
SNOMED CT: Facial dysmorphism, conductive hearing loss, heart defect syndrome (763279007); Tyshchenko syndrome (763279007); Dysmorphism, conductive hearing loss, heart defect syndrome (763279007)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014044
OMIM®: 615102
Orphanet: ORPHA289553

Definition

A rare multiple congenital anomalies syndrome with characteristics of distinctive facial appearance (low frontal hairline, bilateral ptosis, prominent eyes, flat midface, broad, ?at nares, Cupid''s bow upper lip vermilion and small, low-set, posteriorly rotated ears), cleft palate, conductive hearing loss, heart defects (atrial or ventricular septal defect) and mild developmental delay/intellectual disability. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

Clinical features

From HPO
Cryptorchidism
MedGen UID:
8192
Concept ID:
C0010417
Congenital Abnormality
Cryptorchidism, or failure of testicular descent, is a common human congenital abnormality with a multifactorial etiology that likely reflects the involvement of endocrine, environmental, and hereditary factors. Cryptorchidism can result in infertility and increases risk for testicular tumors. Testicular descent from abdomen to scrotum occurs in 2 distinct phases: the transabdominal phase and the inguinoscrotal phase (summary by Gorlov et al., 2002).
Atrial septal defect
MedGen UID:
6753
Concept ID:
C0018817
Congenital Abnormality
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital abnormality of the interatrial septum that enables blood flow between the left and right atria via the interatrial septum.
Ventricular septal defect
MedGen UID:
42366
Concept ID:
C0018818
Congenital Abnormality
A hole between the two bottom chambers (ventricles) of the heart. The defect is centered around the most superior aspect of the ventricular septum.
Pulmonic stenosis
MedGen UID:
408291
Concept ID:
C1956257
Disease or Syndrome
A narrowing of the right ventricular outflow tract that can occur at the pulmonary valve (valvular stenosis), below the pulmonary valve (infundibular stenosis), or above the pulmonary valve (supravalvar stenosis).
Fetal growth restriction
MedGen UID:
4693
Concept ID:
C0015934
Pathologic Function
An abnormal restriction of fetal growth with fetal weight below the tenth percentile for gestational age.
Short stature
MedGen UID:
87607
Concept ID:
C0349588
Finding
A height below that which is expected according to age and gender norms. Although there is no universally accepted definition of short stature, many refer to "short stature" as height more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender (or below the 3rd percentile for age and gender dependent norms).
Feeding difficulties
MedGen UID:
65429
Concept ID:
C0232466
Finding
Impaired ability to eat related to problems gathering food and getting ready to suck, chew, or swallow it.
Low-set ears
MedGen UID:
65980
Concept ID:
C0239234
Congenital Abnormality
Upper insertion of the ear to the scalp below an imaginary horizontal line drawn between the inner canthi of the eye and extending posteriorly to the ear.
Posteriorly rotated ears
MedGen UID:
96566
Concept ID:
C0431478
Congenital Abnormality
A type of abnormal location of the ears in which the position of the ears is characterized by posterior rotation (the superior part of the ears is rotated towards the back of the head, and the inferior part of the ears towards the front).
Intellectual disability, mild
MedGen UID:
10044
Concept ID:
C0026106
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Mild intellectual disability is defined as an intelligence quotient (IQ) in the range of 50-69.
Sleep apnea
MedGen UID:
11458
Concept ID:
C0037315
Disease or Syndrome
An intermittent cessation of airflow at the mouth and nose during sleep is known as sleep apnea. Apneas that last at least 10 seconds are considered significant, but individuals with sleep apnea may experience apneas lasting from 20 seconds up to 2 or 3 minutes. Patients may have up to 15 events per hour of sleep.
Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum
MedGen UID:
138005
Concept ID:
C0344482
Congenital Abnormality
Underdevelopment of the corpus callosum.
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Narrow chest
MedGen UID:
96528
Concept ID:
C0426790
Finding
Reduced width of the chest from side to side, associated with a reduced distance from the sternal notch to the tip of the shoulder.
Pectus excavatum
MedGen UID:
781174
Concept ID:
C2051831
Finding
A defect of the chest wall characterized by a depression of the sternum, giving the chest ("pectus") a caved-in ("excavatum") appearance.
High palate
MedGen UID:
66814
Concept ID:
C0240635
Congenital Abnormality
Height of the palate more than 2 SD above the mean (objective) or palatal height at the level of the first permanent molar more than twice the height of the teeth (subjective).
Narrow palate
MedGen UID:
278045
Concept ID:
C1398312
Finding
Width of the palate more than 2 SD below the mean (objective) or apparently decreased palatal width (subjective).
High, narrow palate
MedGen UID:
324787
Concept ID:
C1837404
Finding
The presence of a high and narrow palate.
Low anterior hairline
MedGen UID:
331280
Concept ID:
C1842366
Finding
Distance between the hairline (trichion) and the glabella (the most prominent point on the frontal bone above the root of the nose), in the midline, more than two SD below the mean. Alternatively, an apparently decreased distance between the hairline and the glabella.
Cleft palate
MedGen UID:
756015
Concept ID:
C2981150
Congenital Abnormality
Cleft palate is a developmental defect of the palate resulting from a failure of fusion of the palatine processes and manifesting as a separation of the roof of the mouth (soft and hard palate).
Short chin
MedGen UID:
784514
Concept ID:
C3697248
Finding
Decreased vertical distance from the vermilion border of the lower lip to the inferior-most point of the chin.
Thick hair
MedGen UID:
892635
Concept ID:
C4073184
Finding
Increased density of hairs, i.e., and elevated number of hairs per unit area.
Polyhydramnios
MedGen UID:
6936
Concept ID:
C0020224
Pathologic Function
The presence of excess amniotic fluid in the uterus during pregnancy.
Premature birth
MedGen UID:
57721
Concept ID:
C0151526
Pathologic Function
The birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks of gestational age.
Supernumerary nipple
MedGen UID:
120564
Concept ID:
C0266011
Congenital Abnormality
Presence of more than two nipples.
Ptosis
MedGen UID:
2287
Concept ID:
C0005745
Disease or Syndrome
The upper eyelid margin is positioned 3 mm or more lower than usual and covers the superior portion of the iris (objective); or, the upper lid margin obscures at least part of the pupil (subjective).
Proptosis
MedGen UID:
41917
Concept ID:
C0015300
Disease or Syndrome
An eye that is protruding anterior to the plane of the face to a greater extent than is typical.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVDysmorphism-conductive hearing loss-heart defect syndrome
Follow this link to review classifications for Dysmorphism-conductive hearing loss-heart defect syndrome in Orphanet.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Stanton E, Urata M, Chen JF, Chai Y
Dis Model Mech 2022 Apr 1;15(4) Epub 2022 Apr 22 doi: 10.1242/dmm.049390. PMID: 35451466Free PMC Article
Kashtan CE
Am J Kidney Dis 2021 Feb;77(2):272-279. Epub 2020 Jul 22 doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2020.03.026. PMID: 32712016
Wozniak JR, Riley EP, Charness ME
Lancet Neurol 2019 Aug;18(8):760-770. Epub 2019 May 31 doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30150-4. PMID: 31160204Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Soh Z, Richards AJ, McNinch A, Alexander P, Martin H, Snead MP
Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 18;13(6) doi: 10.3390/genes13061089. PMID: 35741851Free PMC Article
Tsang SH, Aycinena ARP, Sharma T
Adv Exp Med Biol 2018;1085:167-170. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-95046-4_32. PMID: 30578505
Wieczorek D
Clin Genet 2013 Jun;83(6):499-510. Epub 2013 Apr 8 doi: 10.1111/cge.12123. PMID: 23565775
Morgan T
Am Fam Physician 2007 Aug 1;76(3):405-10. PMID: 17708142
Blake KD, Prasad C
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2006 Sep 7;1:34. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-1-34. PMID: 16959034Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Phelan PJ, Rheault MN
Pediatr Nephrol 2018 Oct;33(10):1671-1683. Epub 2017 Nov 12 doi: 10.1007/s00467-017-3835-9. PMID: 29130116
Yoneda K
J Dermatol 2016 Mar;43(3):252-63. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.13284. PMID: 26945533
Marshall JD, Beck S, Maffei P, Naggert JK
Eur J Hum Genet 2007 Dec;15(12):1193-202. Epub 2007 Oct 17 doi: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201933. PMID: 17940554
Brancati F, Sarkozy A, Dallapiccola B
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2006 Dec 12;1:50. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-1-50. PMID: 17163996Free PMC Article
Bloch-Zupan A, Goodman JR
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2006 Mar 21;1:5. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-1-5. PMID: 16722606Free PMC Article

Therapy

Kashtan CE
Am J Kidney Dis 2021 Feb;77(2):272-279. Epub 2020 Jul 22 doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2020.03.026. PMID: 32712016
Weaver LK
Undersea Hyperb Med 2020 First Quarter;47(1):151-169. doi: 10.22462/01.03.2020.17. PMID: 32176957
Davis NL, King CC, Kourtis AP
Birth Defects Res 2017 Mar 15;109(5):336-346. doi: 10.1002/bdra.23601. PMID: 28398680Free PMC Article
Mestas E
Adv Neonatal Care 2016 Feb;16(1):60-5. doi: 10.1097/ANC.0000000000000242. PMID: 26752783
Morgan T
Am Fam Physician 2007 Aug 1;76(3):405-10. PMID: 17708142

Prognosis

Khadilkar V, Shah N
Indian J Pediatr 2021 Dec;88(12):1214-1221. Epub 2021 Aug 18 doi: 10.1007/s12098-021-03893-4. PMID: 34406593
Tovar JA
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2012 Jan 3;7:1. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-7-1. PMID: 22214468Free PMC Article
Verma S
Indian J Pediatr 2008 Apr;75(4):402-4. PMID: 18589880
Sarkozy A, Digilio MC, Dallapiccola B
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2008 May 27;3:13. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-3-13. PMID: 18505544Free PMC Article
Marshall JD, Beck S, Maffei P, Naggert JK
Eur J Hum Genet 2007 Dec;15(12):1193-202. Epub 2007 Oct 17 doi: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201933. PMID: 17940554

Clinical prediction guides

Weiss K, Lazar HP, Kurolap A, Martinez AF, Paperna T, Cohen L, Smeland MF, Whalen S, Heide S, Keren B, Terhal P, Irving M, Takaku M, Roberts JD, Petrovich RM, Schrier Vergano SA, Kenney A, Hove H, DeChene E, Quinonez SC, Colin E, Ziegler A, Rumple M, Jain M, Monteil D, Roeder ER, Nugent K, van Haeringen A, Gambello M, Santani A, Medne L, Krock B, Skraban CM, Zackai EH, Dubbs HA, Smol T, Ghoumid J, Parker MJ, Wright M, Turnpenny P, Clayton-Smith J, Metcalfe K, Kurumizaka H, Gelb BD, Baris Feldman H, Campeau PM, Muenke M, Wade PA, Lachlan K
Genet Med 2020 Feb;22(2):389-397. Epub 2019 Aug 7 doi: 10.1038/s41436-019-0612-0. PMID: 31388190Free PMC Article
Lenassi E, Vincent A, Li Z, Saihan Z, Coffey AJ, Steele-Stallard HB, Moore AT, Steel KP, Luxon LM, Héon E, Bitner-Glindzicz M, Webster AR
Eur J Hum Genet 2015 Oct;23(10):1318-27. Epub 2015 Feb 4 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2014.283. PMID: 25649381Free PMC Article
Mathur P, Yang J
Biochim Biophys Acta 2015 Mar;1852(3):406-20. Epub 2014 Dec 4 doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2014.11.020. PMID: 25481835Free PMC Article
Brancati F, Sarkozy A, Dallapiccola B
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2006 Dec 12;1:50. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-1-50. PMID: 17163996Free PMC Article
Slavotinek A, Shaffer LG, Shapira SK
J Med Genet 1999 Sep;36(9):657-63. PMID: 10507720Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Danis DO 3rd, Bodamer O, Levi JR
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr;143:110649. Epub 2021 Feb 12 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2021.110649. PMID: 33640723
Geerardyn A, Willaert A, Decallonne B, Desloovere C, Verhaert N
Otol Neurotol 2021 Aug 1;42(7):953-958. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000003118. PMID: 33625195
Marques LHS, Martins DV, Juares GL, Lorenzetti FTM, Monsanto RDC
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct;101:223-229. Epub 2017 Aug 22 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.08.020. PMID: 28964299
Kuemmerle-Deschner JB, Ozen S, Tyrrell PN, Kone-Paut I, Goldbach-Mansky R, Lachmann H, Blank N, Hoffman HM, Weissbarth-Riedel E, Hugle B, Kallinich T, Gattorno M, Gul A, Ter Haar N, Oswald M, Dedeoglu F, Cantarini L, Benseler SM
Ann Rheum Dis 2017 Jun;76(6):942-947. Epub 2016 Oct 4 doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-209686. PMID: 27707729
Acke FR, Dhooge IJ, Malfait F, De Leenheer EM
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2012 Oct 30;7:84. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-7-84. PMID: 23110709Free PMC Article

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