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Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 11 with or without polydactyly(SRTD11)

MedGen UID:
816530
Concept ID:
C3810200
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: SHORT-RIB THORACIC DYSPLASIA 11 WITHOUT POLYDACTYLY; SRTD11
 
Gene (location): DYNC2I2 (9q34.11)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014287
OMIM®: 615633

Definition

Short-rib thoracic dysplasia (SRTD) with or without polydactyly refers to a group of autosomal recessive skeletal ciliopathies that are characterized by a constricted thoracic cage, short ribs, shortened tubular bones, and a 'trident' appearance of the acetabular roof. SRTD encompasses Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (EVC) and the disorders previously designated as Jeune syndrome or asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (ATD), short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS), and Mainzer-Saldino syndrome (MZSDS). Polydactyly is variably present, and there is phenotypic overlap in the various forms of SRTDs, which differ by visceral malformation and metaphyseal appearance. Nonskeletal involvement can include cleft lip/palate as well as anomalies of major organs such as the brain, eye, heart, kidneys, liver, pancreas, intestines, and genitalia. Some forms of SRTD are lethal in the neonatal period due to respiratory insufficiency secondary to a severely restricted thoracic cage, whereas others are compatible with life (summary by Huber and Cormier-Daire, 2012 and Schmidts et al., 2013). There is phenotypic overlap with the cranioectodermal dysplasias (see CED1, 218330). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of short-rib thoracic dysplasia, see SRTD1 (208500). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Cryptorchidism
MedGen UID:
8192
Concept ID:
C0010417
Congenital Abnormality
Cryptorchidism, or failure of testicular descent, is a common human congenital abnormality with a multifactorial etiology that likely reflects the involvement of endocrine, environmental, and hereditary factors. Cryptorchidism can result in infertility and increases risk for testicular tumors. Testicular descent from abdomen to scrotum occurs in 2 distinct phases: the transabdominal phase and the inguinoscrotal phase (summary by Gorlov et al., 2002).
Nephrocalcinosis
MedGen UID:
10222
Concept ID:
C0027709
Disease or Syndrome
Nephrocalcinosis is the deposition of calcium salts in renal parenchyma.
Postaxial polydactyly
MedGen UID:
67394
Concept ID:
C0220697
Disease or Syndrome
Polydactyly refers to the occurrence of supernumerary digits and is the most frequent of congenital hand and foot deformities. Based on the location of the extra digits, polydactyly can be classified into preaxial, involving the thumb or great toe; postaxial, affecting the fifth digit; and central, involving the 3 central digits. Postaxial polydactyly (PAP) is further subclassified into 2 types: in type A, a well-formed extra digit articulates with the fifth or a sixth metacarpal, whereas in type B, a rudimentary, poorly developed extra digit is present (summary by Umm-e-Kalsoom et al., 2012). Genetic Heterogeneity of Postaxial Polydactyly Other forms of postaxial polydactyly type A include PAPA2 (602085) on chromosome 13q21; PAPA3 (607324) on chromosome 19p13; PAPA4 (608562) on chromosome 7q22; PAPA5 (263450) on chromosome 13q13; PAPA6 (615226), caused by mutation in the ZNF141 gene (194648) on chromosome 4p16; PAPA7 (617642), caused by mutation in the IQCE gene (617631) on chromosome 7p22; PAPA8 (618123), caused by mutation in the GLI1 gene (165220) on chromosome 12q13; PAPA9 (618219), caused by mutation in the FAM98A gene (617273) on chromosome 8q22; and PAPA10 (618498), caused by mutation in the KIAA0825 gene (617266) on chromosome 5q15.
Brachydactyly
MedGen UID:
67454
Concept ID:
C0221357
Congenital Abnormality
Digits that appear disproportionately short compared to the hand/foot. The word brachydactyly is used here to describe a series distinct patterns of shortened digits (brachydactyly types A-E). This is the sense used here.
Obesity
MedGen UID:
18127
Concept ID:
C0028754
Disease or Syndrome
Accumulation of substantial excess body fat.
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Narrow chest
MedGen UID:
96528
Concept ID:
C0426790
Finding
Reduced width of the chest from side to side, associated with a reduced distance from the sternal notch to the tip of the shoulder.
Lateral clavicle hook
MedGen UID:
98426
Concept ID:
C0426805
Finding
An excessive upward convexity of the lateral clavicle.
Thoracic dysplasia
MedGen UID:
853272
Concept ID:
C1406921
Congenital Abnormality
Short long bone
MedGen UID:
344385
Concept ID:
C1854912
Finding
One or more abnormally short long bone.
Bell-shaped thorax
MedGen UID:
351320
Concept ID:
C1865186
Finding
The rib cage has the shape of a wide mouthed bell. That is, the superior portion of the rib cage is constricted, followed by a convex region, and the inferior portion of the rib cage expands again to have a large diameter.
Horizontal ribs
MedGen UID:
812840
Concept ID:
C3806510
Finding
A horizontal (flat) conformation of the ribs, the long curved bones that form the rib cage and normally progressively oblique (slanted) from ribs 1 through 9, then less slanted through rib 12.
Respiratory insufficiency
MedGen UID:
11197
Concept ID:
C0035229
Pathologic Function
Impairment of gas exchange within the lungs secondary to a disease process, neoplasm, or trauma, possibly resulting in hypoxia, hypercarbia, or both, but not requiring intubation or mechanical ventilation. Patients are normally managed with pharmaceutical therapy, supplemental oxygen, or both.
Recurrent respiratory infections
MedGen UID:
812812
Concept ID:
C3806482
Finding
An increased susceptibility to respiratory infections as manifested by a history of recurrent respiratory infections.
Polyhydramnios
MedGen UID:
6936
Concept ID:
C0020224
Pathologic Function
The presence of excess amniotic fluid in the uterus during pregnancy.
Rod-cone dystrophy
MedGen UID:
1632921
Concept ID:
C4551714
Disease or Syndrome
An inherited retinal disease subtype in which the rod photoreceptors appear to be more severely affected than the cone photoreceptors. Typical presentation is with nyctalopia (due to rod dysfunction) followed by loss of mid-peripheral field of vision, which gradually extends and leaves many patients with a small central island of vision due to the preservation of macular cones.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Shen F, Yang Y, Li P, Zheng Y, Luo Z, Fu Y, Zhu G, Mei H, Chen S, Zhu Y
Mol Genet Genomic Med 2022 Jan;10(1):e1850. Epub 2021 Dec 24 doi: 10.1002/mgg3.1850. PMID: 34953066Free PMC Article
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J Med Genet 2022 Feb;59(2):147-154. Epub 2020 Dec 15 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2020-107184. PMID: 33323469
Chueh J
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2017 Apr;29(2):71-72. doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000352. PMID: 28253207

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Antony D, Brunner HG, Schmidts M
Cells 2021 Jul 25;10(8) doi: 10.3390/cells10081885. PMID: 34440654Free PMC Article
Rampal V, Giuliano F
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2020 Feb;106(1S):S115-S123. Epub 2019 Oct 21 doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2019.03.021. PMID: 31648997
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Birth Defects Res 2018 Jan;110(2):134-141. doi: 10.1002/bdr2.1184. PMID: 29377639
Burger EB, Baas M, Hovius SER, Hoogeboom AJM, van Nieuwenhoven CA
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Forsythe E, Beales PL
Eur J Hum Genet 2013 Jan;21(1):8-13. Epub 2012 Jun 20 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.115. PMID: 22713813Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Brucato MP, Lin DY
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2022 Jan;39(1):73-87. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2021.08.002. PMID: 34809796
Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Rac MWF, McKinney J, Gandhi M
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Dec;221(6):B13-B15. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.09.023. PMID: 31787158
Perez-Lopez LM, la Iglesia DG, Cabrera-Gonzalez M
Curr Pediatr Rev 2018;14(2):91-96. doi: 10.2174/1573396314666180124102012. PMID: 29366421
Al-Qattan MM, Shamseldin HE, Salih MA, Alkuraya FS
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Farrugia MC, Calleja-Agius J
Neonatal Netw 2016;35(3):135-42. doi: 10.1891/0730-0832.35.3.135. PMID: 27194607

Therapy

Soper JR, Bonar SF, O'Sullivan DJ, McCredie J, Willert HG
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Holmes LB
Am J Med Genet 2002 Oct 15;112(3):297-303. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.10781. PMID: 12357474

Prognosis

Schlosser AS, Costa GJC, Silva HSD, Mello JLM, Gomes LO, Onoyama MMO, Costa TMC
Rev Paul Pediatr 2023;41:e2022027. Epub 2023 Mar 13 doi: 10.1590/1984-0462/2023/41/2022027. PMID: 36921175Free PMC Article
Rampal V, Giuliano F
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2020 Feb;106(1S):S115-S123. Epub 2019 Oct 21 doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2019.03.021. PMID: 31648997
Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Rac MWF, McKinney J, Gandhi M
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Dec;221(6):B13-B15. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.09.023. PMID: 31787158
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Clinical prediction guides

Soper JR, Bonar SF, O'Sullivan DJ, McCredie J, Willert HG
Skeletal Radiol 2019 Apr;48(4):517-525. Epub 2018 Oct 19 doi: 10.1007/s00256-018-3086-2. PMID: 30341712Free PMC Article
Perez-Lopez LM, la Iglesia DG, Cabrera-Gonzalez M
Curr Pediatr Rev 2018;14(2):91-96. doi: 10.2174/1573396314666180124102012. PMID: 29366421
Burger EB, Baas M, Hovius SER, Hoogeboom AJM, van Nieuwenhoven CA
Acta Orthop 2018 Feb;89(1):113-118. Epub 2017 Sep 26 doi: 10.1080/17453674.2017.1383097. PMID: 28946786Free PMC Article
Forsythe E, Beales PL
Eur J Hum Genet 2013 Jan;21(1):8-13. Epub 2012 Jun 20 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.115. PMID: 22713813Free PMC Article
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Recent systematic reviews

Ahmad S, Ali MZ, Muzammal M, Mir FA, Khan MA
Mol Genet Genomics 2022 Sep;297(5):1195-1214. Epub 2022 Jul 30 doi: 10.1007/s00438-022-01930-1. PMID: 35907958
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Homans JF, Tromp IN, Colo D, Schlösser TPC, Kruyt MC, Deeney VFX, Crowley TB, McDonald-McGinn DM, Castelein RM
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Oct;176(10):2104-2120. Epub 2017 Nov 21 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38545. PMID: 29159873
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Br J Clin Pharmacol 2014 Jan;77(1):96-101. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12138. PMID: 23593966Free PMC Article

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