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Primary ciliary dyskinesia 30(CILD30)

MedGen UID:
863453
Concept ID:
C4015016
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: CILIARY DYSKINESIA, PRIMARY, 30, WITH OR WITHOUT SITUS INVERSUS
 
Gene (location): ODAD3 (19p13.2)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014465
OMIM®: 616037

Definition

Any primary ciliary dyskinesia in which the cause of the disease is a mutation in the CCDC151 gene. [from MONDO]

Clinical features

From HPO
Dextrocardia
MedGen UID:
4255
Concept ID:
C0011813
Congenital Abnormality
The heart is located in the right hand sided hemithorax. That is, there is a left-right reversal (or "mirror reflection") of the anatomical location of the heart in which the heart is locate on the right side instead of the left.
Ventricular septal defect
MedGen UID:
42366
Concept ID:
C0018818
Congenital Abnormality
A hole between the two bottom chambers (ventricles) of the heart. The defect is centered around the most superior aspect of the ventricular septum.
Situs inversus
MedGen UID:
1642262
Concept ID:
C4551493
Congenital Abnormality
A left-right reversal (or "mirror reflection") of the anatomical location of the major thoracic and abdominal organs.
Bronchiectasis
MedGen UID:
14234
Concept ID:
C0006267
Disease or Syndrome
Persistent abnormal dilatation of the bronchi owing to localized and irreversible destruction and widening of the large airways.
Chronic bronchitis
MedGen UID:
3084
Concept ID:
C0008677
Disease or Syndrome
Chronic inflammation of the bronchi.
Primary ciliary dyskinesia
MedGen UID:
3467
Concept ID:
C0008780
Disease or Syndrome
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a disorder characterized by chronic respiratory tract infections, abnormally positioned internal organs, and the inability to have children (infertility). The signs and symptoms of this condition are caused by abnormal cilia and flagella. Cilia are microscopic, finger-like projections that stick out from the surface of cells. They are found in the linings of the airway, the reproductive system, and other organs and tissues. Flagella are tail-like structures, similar to cilia, that propel sperm cells forward.\n\nIn the respiratory tract, cilia move back and forth in a coordinated way to move mucus towards the throat. This movement of mucus helps to eliminate fluid, bacteria, and particles from the lungs. Most babies with primary ciliary dyskinesia experience breathing problems at birth, which suggests that cilia play an important role in clearing fetal fluid from the lungs. Beginning in early childhood, affected individuals develop frequent respiratory tract infections. Without properly functioning cilia in the airway, bacteria remain in the respiratory tract and cause infection. People with primary ciliary dyskinesia also have year-round nasal congestion and a chronic cough. Chronic respiratory tract infections can result in a condition called bronchiectasis, which damages the passages, called bronchi, leading from the windpipe to the lungs and can cause life-threatening breathing problems.\n\nSome individuals with primary ciliary dyskinesia have abnormally placed organs within their chest and abdomen. These abnormalities arise early in embryonic development when the differences between the left and right sides of the body are established. About 50 percent of people with primary ciliary dyskinesia have a mirror-image reversal of their internal organs (situs inversus totalis). For example, in these individuals the heart is on the right side of the body instead of on the left. Situs inversus totalis does not cause any apparent health problems. When someone with primary ciliary dyskinesia has situs inversus totalis, they are often said to have Kartagener syndrome.\n\nApproximately 12 percent of people with primary ciliary dyskinesia have a condition known as heterotaxy syndrome or situs ambiguus, which is characterized by abnormalities of the heart, liver, intestines, or spleen. These organs may be structurally abnormal or improperly positioned. In addition, affected individuals may lack a spleen (asplenia) or have multiple spleens (polysplenia). Heterotaxy syndrome results from problems establishing the left and right sides of the body during embryonic development. The severity of heterotaxy varies widely among affected individuals.\n\nPrimary ciliary dyskinesia can also lead to infertility. Vigorous movements of the flagella are necessary to propel the sperm cells forward to the female egg cell. Because their sperm do not move properly, males with primary ciliary dyskinesia are usually unable to father children. Infertility occurs in some affected females and is likely due to abnormal cilia in the fallopian tubes.\n\nAnother feature of primary ciliary dyskinesia is recurrent ear infections (otitis media), especially in young children. Otitis media can lead to permanent hearing loss if untreated. The ear infections are likely related to abnormal cilia within the inner ear.\n\nRarely, individuals with primary ciliary dyskinesia have an accumulation of fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus), likely due to abnormal cilia in the brain.
Cough
MedGen UID:
41325
Concept ID:
C0010200
Sign or Symptom
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation.
Respiratory insufficiency
MedGen UID:
11197
Concept ID:
C0035229
Pathologic Function
Impairment of gas exchange within the lungs secondary to a disease process, neoplasm, or trauma, possibly resulting in hypoxia, hypercarbia, or both, but not requiring intubation or mechanical ventilation. Patients are normally managed with pharmaceutical therapy, supplemental oxygen, or both.
Respiratory insufficiency due to defective ciliary clearance
MedGen UID:
765013
Concept ID:
C3552099
Finding
Decreased nasal nitric oxide
MedGen UID:
767344
Concept ID:
C3554430
Finding
Reduced level of nasal nitric oxide (nNO). Current American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) guidelines for nNO measurements recommend air aspiration via a nasal probe while the subject exhales through the mouth against resistance in order to maintain velum closure.
Recurrent respiratory infections
MedGen UID:
812812
Concept ID:
C3806482
Finding
An increased susceptibility to respiratory infections as manifested by a history of recurrent respiratory infections.
Absent outer dynein arms
MedGen UID:
868590
Concept ID:
C4022989
Finding
Absence of the outer dynein arms of respiratory motile cilia, which normally are situated outside of the peripheral microtubules of motile cilia. This feature is usually appreciated by electron microscopy.
Asthma
MedGen UID:
2109
Concept ID:
C0004096
Disease or Syndrome
Asthma is characterized by increased responsiveness of the tracheobronchial tree to multiple stimuli, leading to narrowing of the air passages with resultant dyspnea, cough, and wheezing.
Chronic sinusitis
MedGen UID:
101751
Concept ID:
C0149516
Disease or Syndrome
A chronic form of sinusitis.
Recurrent otitis media
MedGen UID:
155436
Concept ID:
C0747085
Disease or Syndrome
Increased susceptibility to otitis media, as manifested by recurrent episodes of otitis media.
Nasal congestion
MedGen UID:
6523
Concept ID:
C0027424
Sign or Symptom
Reduced ability to pass air through the nasal cavity often leading to mouth breathing.
Nasal polyposis
MedGen UID:
6524
Concept ID:
C0027430
Anatomical Abnormality
Polypoidal masses arising mainly from the mucous membranes of the nose and paranasal sinuses. They are freely movable and nontender overgrowths of the mucosa that frequently accompany allergic rhinitis.

Term Hierarchy

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Goutaki M, Lam YT, Alexandru M, Anagiotos A, Armengot M, Boon M, Burgess A, Caversaccio N, Crowley S, Dheyauldeen SAD, Emiralioglu N, Erdem E, van Gogh C, Gunaydin O, Haarman EG, Harris A, Hayn I, Ismail-Koch H, Karadag B, Kempeneers C, Kim S, Lorent N, Ozcelik U, Pioch C, Poirrier AML, Reula A, Roehmel J, Yiallouros P, Yumusakhuylu AC, Papon JF
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2023 Jul 1;149(7):587-596. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2023.0841. PMID: 37166807Free PMC Article
Lei C, Yang D, Wang R, Ding S, Wang L, Guo T, Luo H
J Hum Genet 2022 Apr;67(4):197-201. Epub 2021 Nov 24 doi: 10.1038/s10038-021-00985-z. PMID: 34815526
Knowles MR, Daniels LA, Davis SD, Zariwala MA, Leigh MW
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2013 Oct 15;188(8):913-22. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201301-0059CI. PMID: 23796196Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Goutaki M, Lam YT, Alexandru M, Anagiotos A, Armengot M, Boon M, Burgess A, Caversaccio N, Crowley S, Dheyauldeen SAD, Emiralioglu N, Erdem E, van Gogh C, Gunaydin O, Haarman EG, Harris A, Hayn I, Ismail-Koch H, Karadag B, Kempeneers C, Kim S, Lorent N, Ozcelik U, Pioch C, Poirrier AML, Reula A, Roehmel J, Yiallouros P, Yumusakhuylu AC, Papon JF
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2023 Jul 1;149(7):587-596. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2023.0841. PMID: 37166807Free PMC Article
Kos R, Israëls J, van Gogh CDL, Altenburg J, Diepenhorst S, Paff T, Boon EMJ, Micha D, Pals G, Neerincx AH, Maitland-van der Zee AH, Haarman EG; Amsterdam Mucociliary Clearance Disease (AMCD) Research Group
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2022 Mar;190(1):89-101. Epub 2022 Mar 27 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.c.31968. PMID: 35343062Free PMC Article
Guan Y, Yang H, Yao X, Xu H, Liu H, Tang X, Hao C, Zhang X, Zhao S, Ge W, Ni X
Chest 2021 May;159(5):1768-1781. Epub 2021 Feb 10 doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.02.006. PMID: 33577779Free PMC Article
Guo Z, Chen W, Wang L, Qian L
J Pediatr 2020 Oct;225:157-165.e5. Epub 2020 Jun 2 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.05.052. PMID: 32502479
Le Mauviel L
West J Med 1991 Sep;155(3):280-3. PMID: 1949776Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Ringshausen FC, Shapiro AJ, Nielsen KG, Mazurek H, Pifferi M, Donn KH, van der Eerden MM, Loebinger MR, Zariwala MA, Leigh MW, Knowles MR, Ferkol TW; CLEAN-PCD investigators and study team
Lancet Respir Med 2024 Jan;12(1):21-33. Epub 2023 Aug 31 doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(23)00226-6. PMID: 37660715
De Jesús-Rojas W, Meléndez-Montañez J, Muñiz-Hernández J, Marra-Nazario A, Alvarado-Huerta F, Santos-López A, Ramos-Benitez MJ, Mosquera RA
Int J Mol Sci 2023 Jan 18;24(3) doi: 10.3390/ijms24031936. PMID: 36768259Free PMC Article
Lei C, Yang D, Wang R, Ding S, Wang L, Guo T, Luo H
J Hum Genet 2022 Apr;67(4):197-201. Epub 2021 Nov 24 doi: 10.1038/s10038-021-00985-z. PMID: 34815526
Guan Y, Yang H, Yao X, Xu H, Liu H, Tang X, Hao C, Zhang X, Zhao S, Ge W, Ni X
Chest 2021 May;159(5):1768-1781. Epub 2021 Feb 10 doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.02.006. PMID: 33577779Free PMC Article
Le Mauviel L
West J Med 1991 Sep;155(3):280-3. PMID: 1949776Free PMC Article

Therapy

Ringshausen FC, Shapiro AJ, Nielsen KG, Mazurek H, Pifferi M, Donn KH, van der Eerden MM, Loebinger MR, Zariwala MA, Leigh MW, Knowles MR, Ferkol TW; CLEAN-PCD investigators and study team
Lancet Respir Med 2024 Jan;12(1):21-33. Epub 2023 Aug 31 doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(23)00226-6. PMID: 37660715
Gatt D, Shaw M, Wee W, Solomon M, Dell SD, Ratjen F
Ann Am Thorac Soc 2023 Jun;20(6):854-860. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202210-858OC. PMID: 36753426
Goutaki M, Eich MO, Halbeisen FS, Barben J, Casaulta C, Clarenbach C, Hafen G, Latzin P, Regamey N, Lazor R, Tschanz S, Zanolari M, Maurer E, Kuehni CE; Swiss PCD Registry (CH-PCD) Working Group
Swiss Med Wkly 2019 Jan 1;149 Epub 2019 Jan 13 doi: 10.57187/smw.2019.20004. PMID: 30691261
Andersen TN, Alanin MC, von Buchwald C, Nielsen LH
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Oct;89:164-8. Epub 2016 Aug 18 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.08.011. PMID: 27619050
Boon M, Vermeulen FL, Gysemans W, Proesmans M, Jorissen M, De Boeck K
Thorax 2015 Apr;70(4):339-45. Epub 2015 Feb 11 doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2014-206578. PMID: 25673230

Prognosis

Ringshausen FC, Shapiro AJ, Nielsen KG, Mazurek H, Pifferi M, Donn KH, van der Eerden MM, Loebinger MR, Zariwala MA, Leigh MW, Knowles MR, Ferkol TW; CLEAN-PCD investigators and study team
Lancet Respir Med 2024 Jan;12(1):21-33. Epub 2023 Aug 31 doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(23)00226-6. PMID: 37660715
Guo Z, Chen W, Wang L, Qian L
J Pediatr 2020 Oct;225:157-165.e5. Epub 2020 Jun 2 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.05.052. PMID: 32502479
Takeuchi K, Kitano M, Sakaida H, Usui S, Masuda S, Ogawa S, Ikejiri M, Nagao M, Fujisawa T, Nakatani K
Otol Neurotol 2017 Dec;38(10):e451-e456. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000001599. PMID: 29135867
Andersen TN, Alanin MC, von Buchwald C, Nielsen LH
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Oct;89:164-8. Epub 2016 Aug 18 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.08.011. PMID: 27619050
Shah A, Shoemark A, MacNeill SJ, Bhaludin B, Rogers A, Bilton D, Hansell DM, Wilson R, Loebinger MR
Eur Respir J 2016 Aug;48(2):441-50. Epub 2016 Jun 10 doi: 10.1183/13993003.00209-2016. PMID: 27288033

Clinical prediction guides

Ringshausen FC, Shapiro AJ, Nielsen KG, Mazurek H, Pifferi M, Donn KH, van der Eerden MM, Loebinger MR, Zariwala MA, Leigh MW, Knowles MR, Ferkol TW; CLEAN-PCD investigators and study team
Lancet Respir Med 2024 Jan;12(1):21-33. Epub 2023 Aug 31 doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(23)00226-6. PMID: 37660715
Leslie JS, Hjeij R, Vivante A, Bearce EA, Dyer L, Wang J, Rawlins L, Kennedy J, Ubeyratna N, Fasham J, Irons ZH, Craig SB, Koenig J, George S, Pode-Shakked B, Bolkier Y, Barel O, Mane S, Frederiksen KK, Wenger O, Scott E, Cross HE, Lorentzen E, Norris DP, Anikster Y, Omran H, Grimes DT, Crosby AH, Baple EL
Genet Med 2022 Nov;24(11):2249-2261. Epub 2022 Sep 8 doi: 10.1016/j.gim.2022.07.019. PMID: 36074124Free PMC Article
Guan Y, Yang H, Yao X, Xu H, Liu H, Tang X, Hao C, Zhang X, Zhao S, Ge W, Ni X
Chest 2021 May;159(5):1768-1781. Epub 2021 Feb 10 doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.02.006. PMID: 33577779Free PMC Article
Guo Z, Chen W, Wang L, Qian L
J Pediatr 2020 Oct;225:157-165.e5. Epub 2020 Jun 2 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.05.052. PMID: 32502479
Poprzeczko M, Bicka M, Farahat H, Bazan R, Osinka A, Fabczak H, Joachimiak E, Wloga D
Cells 2019 Dec 11;8(12) doi: 10.3390/cells8121614. PMID: 31835861Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Møller ME, Alanin MC, Grønhøj C, Aanæs K, Høiby N, von Buchwald C
Am J Rhinol Allergy 2017 Sep 1;31(5):293-298. doi: 10.2500/ajra.2017.31.4461. PMID: 28859703Free PMC Article

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