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Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2(MEN2)

MedGen UID:
887211
Concept ID:
C4048306
Neoplastic Process
Synonym: MEN2
SNOMED CT: Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2 (61808009); MEN, type 2 (61808009); Sipple syndrome (61808009); PTC syndrome (61808009); Familial chromaffinomatosis (61808009); MEA, type 2 (61808009); Multiple endocrine adenomatosis, type 2 (61808009); Sipple's syndrome (61808009)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
 
Gene (location): RET (10q11.21)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0019003
Orphanet: ORPHA653

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) includes the following phenotypes: MEN2A, familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC, which may be a variant of MEN2A), and MEN2B. All three phenotypes involve high risk for development of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid (MTC); MEN2A and MEN2B involve an increased risk for pheochromocytoma; MEN2A involves an increased risk for parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia. Additional features of MEN2B include mucosal neuromas of the lips and tongue, distinctive facies with enlarged lips, ganglioneuromatosis of the gastrointestinal tract, and a marfanoid habitus. MTC typically occurs in early childhood in MEN2B, early adulthood in MEN2A, and middle age in FMTC. [from GeneReviews]
Authors:
Charis Eng  |  Gilman Plitt   view full author information

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Jayasinghe R, Basnayake O, Jayarajah U, Seneviratne S
J Int Med Res 2022 Jul;50(7):3000605221110698. doi: 10.1177/03000605221110698. PMID: 35822284Free PMC Article
Parenti G, Zampetti B, Rapizzi E, Ercolino T, Giachè V, Fucci R, Mannelli M
Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2013 Jun;57(2):112-21. PMID: 23822988
Raue F, Frank-Raue K
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2012;67 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):69-75. doi: 10.6061/clinics/2012(sup01)13. PMID: 22584709Free PMC Article

Curated

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®), Neuroendocrine and Adrenal Tumors, 2023

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Mathiesen JS, Effraimidis G, Rossing M, Rasmussen ÅK, Hoejberg L, Bastholt L, Godballe C, Oturai P, Feldt-Rasmussen U
Semin Cancer Biol 2022 Feb;79:163-179. Epub 2021 Apr 1 doi: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2021.03.035. PMID: 33812987
Tsang VH, Tacon LJ, Learoyd DL, Robinson BG
Recent Results Cancer Res 2015;204:157-78. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-22542-5_7. PMID: 26494388
Moline J, Eng C
Genet Med 2011 Sep;13(9):755-64. doi: 10.1097/GIM.0b013e318216cc6d. PMID: 21552134
Raygada M, Pasini B, Stratakis CA
Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2011;70:99-106. Epub 2011 Feb 24 doi: 10.1159/000322484. PMID: 21358191Free PMC Article
Wohllk N, Schweizer H, Erlic Z, Schmid KW, Walz MK, Raue F, Neumann HP
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010 Jun;24(3):371-87. doi: 10.1016/j.beem.2010.02.001. PMID: 20833330

Diagnosis

Jayasinghe R, Basnayake O, Jayarajah U, Seneviratne S
J Int Med Res 2022 Jul;50(7):3000605221110698. doi: 10.1177/03000605221110698. PMID: 35822284Free PMC Article
Castinetti F
Aging (Albany NY) 2019 Jun 12;11(11):3416-3417. doi: 10.18632/aging.102030. PMID: 31188782Free PMC Article
Tsang VH, Tacon LJ, Learoyd DL, Robinson BG
Recent Results Cancer Res 2015;204:157-78. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-22542-5_7. PMID: 26494388
Tsirlin A, Oo Y, Sharma R, Kansara A, Gliwa A, Banerji MA
Maturitas 2014 Mar;77(3):229-38. Epub 2014 Jan 5 doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2013.12.009. PMID: 24472290
Lenders JW, Eisenhofer G, Mannelli M, Pacak K
Lancet 2005 Aug 20-26;366(9486):665-75. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67139-5. PMID: 16112304

Therapy

Redaelli S, Plaza-Menacho I, Mologni L
Endocr Relat Cancer 2018 Feb;25(2):T53-T68. doi: 10.1530/ERC-17-0297. PMID: 29348306
Tsang VH, Tacon LJ, Learoyd DL, Robinson BG
Recent Results Cancer Res 2015;204:157-78. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-22542-5_7. PMID: 26494388
Lodish M
Front Horm Res 2013;41:16-29. Epub 2013 Mar 19 doi: 10.1159/000345667. PMID: 23652668
Guyétant S, Bléchet C, Saint-André JP
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2006 Jun;67(3):190-7. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4266(06)72585-9. PMID: 16840909
Gertner ME, Kebebew E
Curr Treat Options Oncol 2004 Aug;5(4):315-25. doi: 10.1007/s11864-004-0022-6. PMID: 15233908

Prognosis

Mathiesen JS, Effraimidis G, Rossing M, Rasmussen ÅK, Hoejberg L, Bastholt L, Godballe C, Oturai P, Feldt-Rasmussen U
Semin Cancer Biol 2022 Feb;79:163-179. Epub 2021 Apr 1 doi: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2021.03.035. PMID: 33812987
Castinetti F
Aging (Albany NY) 2019 Jun 12;11(11):3416-3417. doi: 10.18632/aging.102030. PMID: 31188782Free PMC Article
Grey J, Winter K
Endocr Relat Cancer 2018 Feb;25(2):T69-T77. Epub 2017 Oct 24 doi: 10.1530/ERC-17-0335. PMID: 29066504
Raygada M, Pasini B, Stratakis CA
Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2011;70:99-106. Epub 2011 Feb 24 doi: 10.1159/000322484. PMID: 21358191Free PMC Article
Lenders JW, Eisenhofer G, Mannelli M, Pacak K
Lancet 2005 Aug 20-26;366(9486):665-75. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67139-5. PMID: 16112304

Clinical prediction guides

Li SY, Ding YQ, Si YL, Ye MJ, Xu CM, Qi XP
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020;11:543246. Epub 2020 Sep 18 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2020.543246. PMID: 33071967Free PMC Article
Turchini J, Cheung VKY, Tischler AS, De Krijger RR, Gill AJ
Histopathology 2018 Jan;72(1):97-105. doi: 10.1111/his.13402. PMID: 29239044
Grey J, Winter K
Endocr Relat Cancer 2018 Feb;25(2):T69-T77. Epub 2017 Oct 24 doi: 10.1530/ERC-17-0335. PMID: 29066504
Tsang VH, Tacon LJ, Learoyd DL, Robinson BG
Recent Results Cancer Res 2015;204:157-78. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-22542-5_7. PMID: 26494388
Lodish M
Front Horm Res 2013;41:16-29. Epub 2013 Mar 19 doi: 10.1159/000345667. PMID: 23652668

Recent systematic reviews

Sandoval JA, Fernandez-Pineda I, Malkan AD
J Pediatr Surg 2016 Apr;51(4):675-87. Epub 2016 Feb 3 doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.01.004. PMID: 26898681
Coyle D, Friedmacher F, Puri P
Pediatr Surg Int 2014 Aug;30(8):751-6. Epub 2014 Jun 28 doi: 10.1007/s00383-014-3538-2. PMID: 24972642

Supplemental Content

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    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

    • PubMed
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      See practice and clinical guidelines in NCBI Bookshelf. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.

    Curated

    • NCCN, 2023
      NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®), Neuroendocrine and Adrenal Tumors, 2023

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