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Congenital disorder of glycosylation(CDG)

MedGen UID:
76469
Concept ID:
C0282577
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome; CDG; Congenital disorders of glycosylation
SNOMED CT: Carbohydrate deficiency glycoprotein syndrome (238049009); Carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome (238049009); Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome (238049009); CDG - Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome (238049009); Congenital disorder of glycosylation (238049009)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal recessive inheritance
MedGen UID:
141025
Concept ID:
C0441748
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in individuals with two pathogenic alleles, either homozygotes (two copies of the same mutant allele) or compound heterozygotes (whereby each copy of a gene has a distinct mutant allele).
X-linked recessive inheritance
MedGen UID:
375779
Concept ID:
C1845977
Finding
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for recessive traits related to a gene encoded on the X chromosome. In the context of medical genetics, X-linked recessive disorders manifest in males (who have one copy of the X chromosome and are thus hemizygotes), but generally not in female heterozygotes who have one mutant and one normal allele.
 
Genes (locations): ALG13 (Xq23); DDOST (1p36.12); DPM2 (9q34.11); MAGT1 (Xq21.1); PGM1 (1p31.3); SSR4 (Xq28); TMEM165 (4q12); TUSC3 (8p22)
Related genes: ALG11, COG7, RFT1, ALG2, COG8, ALG9, SRD5A3, ALG12, ALG8, COG6, ALG1, NGLY1, SLC35C1, DPM3, ALG6, COG4, DOLK, SLC35A1, COG5, ALG3, MPDU1, COG1, DPM1, MOGS, PMM2, MPI, MGAT2, MAN2C1, B4GALT1, DPAGT1
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0015286
Orphanet: ORPHA137

Definition

A fast growing group of inborn errors of metabolism characterized by defective activity of enzymes that participate in glycosylation (modification of proteins and other macromolecules by adding and processing of oligosaccharide side chains). This group is comprised of phenotypically diverse disorders affecting multiple systems including the central nervous system, muscle function, immunity, endocrine system, and coagulation. The numerous entities in this group are subdivided, based on the synthetic pathway affected, into disorder of protein N-glycosylation, disorder of protein O-glycosylation, disorder of multiple glycosylation, and disorder of glycosphingolipid and glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor glycosylation. [from ORDO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
Follow this link to review classifications for Congenital disorder of glycosylation in Orphanet.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Altassan R, Radenkovic S, Edmondson AC, Barone R, Brasil S, Cechova A, Coman D, Donoghue S, Falkenstein K, Ferreira V, Ferreira C, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Grunewald S, Honzik T, Jaeken J, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-da-Silva D, Pascoal C, Quelhas D, Raymond KM, Rymen D, Seroczynska M, Serrano M, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Voermans N, Witters P, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2021 Jan;44(1):148-163. Epub 2020 Sep 15 doi: 10.1002/jimd.12286. PMID: 32681750Free PMC Article
Gámez A, Serrano M, Gallego D, Vilas A, Pérez B
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 2020 Nov;1864(11):129686. Epub 2020 Jul 23 doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2020.129686. PMID: 32712172
Gámez A, Yuste-Checa P, Brasil S, Briso-Montiano Á, Desviat LR, Ugarte M, Pérez-Cerdá C, Pérez B
Clin Genet 2018 Mar;93(3):450-458. Epub 2017 Dec 4 doi: 10.1111/cge.13088. PMID: 28671287

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Altassan R, Radenkovic S, Edmondson AC, Barone R, Brasil S, Cechova A, Coman D, Donoghue S, Falkenstein K, Ferreira V, Ferreira C, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Grunewald S, Honzik T, Jaeken J, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-da-Silva D, Pascoal C, Quelhas D, Raymond KM, Rymen D, Seroczynska M, Serrano M, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Voermans N, Witters P, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2021 Jan;44(1):148-163. Epub 2020 Sep 15 doi: 10.1002/jimd.12286. PMID: 32681750Free PMC Article
Zilmer M, Edmondson AC, Khetarpal SA, Alesi V, Zaki MS, Rostasy K, Madsen CG, Lepri FR, Sinibaldi L, Cusmai R, Novelli A, Issa MY, Fenger CD, Abou Jamra R, Reutter H, Briuglia S, Agolini E, Hansen L, Petäjä-Repo UE, Hintze J, Raymond KM, Liedtke K, Stanley V, Musaev D, Gleeson JG, Vitali C, O'Brien WT, Gardella E, Rubboli G, Rader DJ, Schjoldager KT, Møller RS
Brain 2020 Apr 1;143(4):1114-1126. doi: 10.1093/brain/awaa063. PMID: 32293671Free PMC Article
Anagianni S, Tuschl K
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2019 May 14;19(6):33. doi: 10.1007/s11910-019-0942-y. PMID: 31089831Free PMC Article
Altassan R, Péanne R, Jaeken J, Barone R, Bidet M, Borgel D, Brasil S, Cassiman D, Cechova A, Coman D, Corral J, Correia J, de la Morena-Barrio ME, de Lonlay P, Dos Reis V, Ferreira CR, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Funke S, Gardeitchik T, Gert M, Girad M, Giros M, Grünewald S, Hernández-Caselles T, Honzik T, Hutter M, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-de-Silva D, Martinez AF, Moravej H, Õunap K, Pascoal C, Pascreau T, Patterson M, Quelhas D, Raymond K, Sarkhail P, Schiff M, Seroczyńska M, Serrano M, Seta N, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Witters P, Zeevaert R, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2019 Jan;42(1):5-28. doi: 10.1002/jimd.12024. PMID: 30740725
Jaeken J, Péanne R
J Inherit Metab Dis 2017 Jul;40(4):569-586. Epub 2017 May 8 doi: 10.1007/s10545-017-0050-6. PMID: 28484880

Diagnosis

Altassan R, Radenkovic S, Edmondson AC, Barone R, Brasil S, Cechova A, Coman D, Donoghue S, Falkenstein K, Ferreira V, Ferreira C, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Grunewald S, Honzik T, Jaeken J, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-da-Silva D, Pascoal C, Quelhas D, Raymond KM, Rymen D, Seroczynska M, Serrano M, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Voermans N, Witters P, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2021 Jan;44(1):148-163. Epub 2020 Sep 15 doi: 10.1002/jimd.12286. PMID: 32681750Free PMC Article
Anagianni S, Tuschl K
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2019 May 14;19(6):33. doi: 10.1007/s11910-019-0942-y. PMID: 31089831Free PMC Article
Altassan R, Péanne R, Jaeken J, Barone R, Bidet M, Borgel D, Brasil S, Cassiman D, Cechova A, Coman D, Corral J, Correia J, de la Morena-Barrio ME, de Lonlay P, Dos Reis V, Ferreira CR, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Funke S, Gardeitchik T, Gert M, Girad M, Giros M, Grünewald S, Hernández-Caselles T, Honzik T, Hutter M, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-de-Silva D, Martinez AF, Moravej H, Õunap K, Pascoal C, Pascreau T, Patterson M, Quelhas D, Raymond K, Sarkhail P, Schiff M, Seroczyńska M, Serrano M, Seta N, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Witters P, Zeevaert R, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2019 Jan;42(1):5-28. doi: 10.1002/jimd.12024. PMID: 30740725
Jaeken J, Péanne R
J Inherit Metab Dis 2017 Jul;40(4):569-586. Epub 2017 May 8 doi: 10.1007/s10545-017-0050-6. PMID: 28484880
van de Vijver E, van den Berg TK, Kuijpers TW
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2013 Feb;27(1):101-16, viii. Epub 2012 Nov 13 doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2012.10.001. PMID: 23351991

Therapy

De Graef D, Ligezka AN, Rezents J, Mazza GL, Preston G, Schwartz K, Krzysciak W, Lam C, Edmondson AC, Johnsen C, Kozicz T, Morava E
Mol Genet Metab 2023 Jun;139(2):107606. Epub 2023 May 9 doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2023.107606. PMID: 37224763Free PMC Article
Ligezka AN, Radenkovic S, Saraswat M, Garapati K, Ranatunga W, Krzysciak W, Yanaihara H, Preston G, Brucker W, McGovern RM, Reid JM, Cassiman D, Muthusamy K, Johnsen C, Mercimek-Andrews S, Larson A, Lam C, Edmondson AC, Ghesquière B, Witters P, Raymond K, Oglesbee D, Pandey A, Perlstein EO, Kozicz T, Morava E
Ann Neurol 2021 Dec;90(6):887-900. Epub 2021 Oct 26 doi: 10.1002/ana.26245. PMID: 34652821Free PMC Article
Altassan R, Radenkovic S, Edmondson AC, Barone R, Brasil S, Cechova A, Coman D, Donoghue S, Falkenstein K, Ferreira V, Ferreira C, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Grunewald S, Honzik T, Jaeken J, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-da-Silva D, Pascoal C, Quelhas D, Raymond KM, Rymen D, Seroczynska M, Serrano M, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Voermans N, Witters P, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2021 Jan;44(1):148-163. Epub 2020 Sep 15 doi: 10.1002/jimd.12286. PMID: 32681750Free PMC Article
Gámez A, Serrano M, Gallego D, Vilas A, Pérez B
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 2020 Nov;1864(11):129686. Epub 2020 Jul 23 doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2020.129686. PMID: 32712172
Gámez A, Yuste-Checa P, Brasil S, Briso-Montiano Á, Desviat LR, Ugarte M, Pérez-Cerdá C, Pérez B
Clin Genet 2018 Mar;93(3):450-458. Epub 2017 Dec 4 doi: 10.1111/cge.13088. PMID: 28671287

Prognosis

Bayat A, de Valles-Ibáñez G, Pendziwiat M, Knaus A, Alt K, Biamino E, Bley A, Calvert S, Carney P, Caro-Llopis A, Ceulemans B, Cousin J, Davis S, des Portes V, Edery P, England E, Ferreira C, Freeman J, Gener B, Gorce M, Heron D, Hildebrand MS, Jezela-Stanek A, Jouk PS, Keren B, Kloth K, Kluger G, Kuhn M, Lemke JR, Li H, Martinez F, Maxton C, Mefford HC, Merla G, Mierzewska H, Muir A, Monfort S, Nicolai J, Norman J, O'Grady G, Oleksy B, Orellana C, Orec LE, Peinhardt C, Pronicka E, Rosello M, Santos-Simarro F, Schwaibold EMC, Stegmann APA, Stumpel CT, Szczepanik E, Terczyńska I, Thevenon J, Tzschach A, Van Bogaert P, Vittorini R, Walsh S, Weckhuysen S, Weissman B, Wolfe L, Reymond A, De Nittis P, Poduri A, Olson H, Striano P, Lesca G, Scheffer IE, Møller RS, Sadleir LG
Epilepsia 2022 Apr;63(4):974-991. Epub 2022 Feb 18 doi: 10.1111/epi.17173. PMID: 35179230
Vaes L, Rymen D, Cassiman D, Ligezka A, Vanhoutvin N, Quelhas D, Morava E, Witters P
Genes (Basel) 2021 Oct 21;12(11) doi: 10.3390/genes12111658. PMID: 34828263Free PMC Article
Ligezka AN, Radenkovic S, Saraswat M, Garapati K, Ranatunga W, Krzysciak W, Yanaihara H, Preston G, Brucker W, McGovern RM, Reid JM, Cassiman D, Muthusamy K, Johnsen C, Mercimek-Andrews S, Larson A, Lam C, Edmondson AC, Ghesquière B, Witters P, Raymond K, Oglesbee D, Pandey A, Perlstein EO, Kozicz T, Morava E
Ann Neurol 2021 Dec;90(6):887-900. Epub 2021 Oct 26 doi: 10.1002/ana.26245. PMID: 34652821Free PMC Article
Altassan R, Péanne R, Jaeken J, Barone R, Bidet M, Borgel D, Brasil S, Cassiman D, Cechova A, Coman D, Corral J, Correia J, de la Morena-Barrio ME, de Lonlay P, Dos Reis V, Ferreira CR, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Funke S, Gardeitchik T, Gert M, Girad M, Giros M, Grünewald S, Hernández-Caselles T, Honzik T, Hutter M, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-de-Silva D, Martinez AF, Moravej H, Õunap K, Pascoal C, Pascreau T, Patterson M, Quelhas D, Raymond K, Sarkhail P, Schiff M, Seroczyńska M, Serrano M, Seta N, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Witters P, Zeevaert R, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2019 Jan;42(1):5-28. doi: 10.1002/jimd.12024. PMID: 30740725
van de Vijver E, van den Berg TK, Kuijpers TW
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2013 Feb;27(1):101-16, viii. Epub 2012 Nov 13 doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2012.10.001. PMID: 23351991

Clinical prediction guides

Mitchell CW, Czajewski I, van Aalten DMF
J Biol Chem 2022 Sep;298(9):102276. Epub 2022 Jul 19 doi: 10.1016/j.jbc.2022.102276. PMID: 35863433Free PMC Article
Bayat A, de Valles-Ibáñez G, Pendziwiat M, Knaus A, Alt K, Biamino E, Bley A, Calvert S, Carney P, Caro-Llopis A, Ceulemans B, Cousin J, Davis S, des Portes V, Edery P, England E, Ferreira C, Freeman J, Gener B, Gorce M, Heron D, Hildebrand MS, Jezela-Stanek A, Jouk PS, Keren B, Kloth K, Kluger G, Kuhn M, Lemke JR, Li H, Martinez F, Maxton C, Mefford HC, Merla G, Mierzewska H, Muir A, Monfort S, Nicolai J, Norman J, O'Grady G, Oleksy B, Orellana C, Orec LE, Peinhardt C, Pronicka E, Rosello M, Santos-Simarro F, Schwaibold EMC, Stegmann APA, Stumpel CT, Szczepanik E, Terczyńska I, Thevenon J, Tzschach A, Van Bogaert P, Vittorini R, Walsh S, Weckhuysen S, Weissman B, Wolfe L, Reymond A, De Nittis P, Poduri A, Olson H, Striano P, Lesca G, Scheffer IE, Møller RS, Sadleir LG
Epilepsia 2022 Apr;63(4):974-991. Epub 2022 Feb 18 doi: 10.1111/epi.17173. PMID: 35179230
Shah PR, Chauhan B, Chu CT, Kofler J, Nischal KK
Cornea 2022 Feb 1;41(2):219-223. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000002889. PMID: 34629439
Vaes L, Rymen D, Cassiman D, Ligezka A, Vanhoutvin N, Quelhas D, Morava E, Witters P
Genes (Basel) 2021 Oct 21;12(11) doi: 10.3390/genes12111658. PMID: 34828263Free PMC Article
Ligezka AN, Radenkovic S, Saraswat M, Garapati K, Ranatunga W, Krzysciak W, Yanaihara H, Preston G, Brucker W, McGovern RM, Reid JM, Cassiman D, Muthusamy K, Johnsen C, Mercimek-Andrews S, Larson A, Lam C, Edmondson AC, Ghesquière B, Witters P, Raymond K, Oglesbee D, Pandey A, Perlstein EO, Kozicz T, Morava E
Ann Neurol 2021 Dec;90(6):887-900. Epub 2021 Oct 26 doi: 10.1002/ana.26245. PMID: 34652821Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Ji C, Zhao J, Zhang J, Wang K
Neurol Sci 2023 Oct;44(10):3495-3498. Epub 2023 May 30 doi: 10.1007/s10072-023-06851-4. PMID: 37249665
Altassan R, Péanne R, Jaeken J, Barone R, Bidet M, Borgel D, Brasil S, Cassiman D, Cechova A, Coman D, Corral J, Correia J, de la Morena-Barrio ME, de Lonlay P, Dos Reis V, Ferreira CR, Fiumara A, Francisco R, Freeze H, Funke S, Gardeitchik T, Gert M, Girad M, Giros M, Grünewald S, Hernández-Caselles T, Honzik T, Hutter M, Krasnewich D, Lam C, Lee J, Lefeber D, Marques-de-Silva D, Martinez AF, Moravej H, Õunap K, Pascoal C, Pascreau T, Patterson M, Quelhas D, Raymond K, Sarkhail P, Schiff M, Seroczyńska M, Serrano M, Seta N, Sykut-Cegielska J, Thiel C, Tort F, Vals MA, Videira P, Witters P, Zeevaert R, Morava E
J Inherit Metab Dis 2019 Jan;42(1):5-28. doi: 10.1002/jimd.12024. PMID: 30740725
Léticée N, Bessières-Grattagliano B, Dupré T, Vuillaumier-Barrot S, de Lonlay P, Razavi F, El Khartoufi N, Ville Y, Vekemans M, Bouvier R, Seta N, Attié-Bitach T
Mol Genet Metab 2010 Oct-Nov;101(2-3):253-7. Epub 2010 Jun 22 doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2010.06.009. PMID: 20638314

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