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Items: 1 to 20 of 665

1.

Cardioacrofacial dysplasia 1

Cardioacrofacial dysplasia-1 (CAFD1) is characterized by congenital cardiac defects, primarily common atrium or atrioventricular septal defect; limb anomalies, including short limbs, brachydactyly, and postaxial polydactyly; and dysmorphic facial features (Palencia-Campos et al., 2020). Genetic Heterogeneity of Cardioacrofacial Dysplasia CAFD2 (619143) is caused by mutation in the PRKACB gene (176892) on chromosome 1p31. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1777656
Concept ID:
C5436885
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Myopathy, congenital, with diaphragmatic defects, respiratory insufficiency, and dysmorphic facies

Congenital myopathy with diaphragmatic defects, respiratory insufficiency, and dysmorphic facies (MYODRIF) is an autosomal recessive muscle disorder. Affected individuals present at birth with hypotonia and respiratory insufficiency associated with high diaphragmatic dome on imaging. Other features include poor overall growth, pectus excavatum, dysmorphic facies, and renal anomalies in some. The severity of the disorder is highly variable: some patients may have delayed motor development with mildly decreased endurance, whereas others have more severe hypotonia associated with distal arthrogryposis and lung hypoplasia, resulting in early death (summary by Watson et al., 2016 and Lopes et al., 2018). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1764743
Concept ID:
C5436530
Disease or Syndrome
3.

IFAP syndrome 2

Follicular ichthyosis, atrichia, and photophobia syndrome-2 (IFAP2) is characterized by ichthyosis follicularis or follicular hyperkeratosis, sparse to no body hair, and photophobia with corneal lesions. Ultrastructural hair analysis shows trichorrhexis nodosa (Wang et al., 2020). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of IFAP syndrome, see IFAP1 (308205). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1763502
Concept ID:
C5436607
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Noonan syndrome 13

Noonan syndrome (NS) is characterized by characteristic facies, short stature, congenital heart defect, and developmental delay of variable degree. Other findings can include broad or webbed neck, unusual chest shape with superior pectus carinatum and inferior pectus excavatum, cryptorchidism, varied coagulation defects, lymphatic dysplasias, and ocular abnormalities. Although birth length is usually normal, final adult height approaches the lower limit of normal. Congenital heart disease occurs in 50%-80% of individuals. Pulmonary valve stenosis, often with dysplasia, is the most common heart defect and is found in 20%-50% of individuals. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, found in 20%-30% of individuals, may be present at birth or develop in infancy or childhood. Other structural defects include atrial and ventricular septal defects, branch pulmonary artery stenosis, and tetralogy of Fallot. Up to one fourth of affected individuals have mild intellectual disability, and language impairments in general are more common in NS than in the general population. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
1761918
Concept ID:
C5436773
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Autoinflammation, immune dysregulation, and eosinophilia

Autoinflammation, immune dysregulation, and eosinophilia (AIIDE) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by onset of severe atopic dermatitis and chronic gastrointestinal inflammation, mainly involving the colon, in infancy or early childhood. Affected individuals tend to have asthma and food or environmental allergies, as well as poor overall growth with short stature. Laboratory studies show increased eosinophils with normal IgE levels, as well as evidence of a hyperactive immune state, including increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Treatment with JAK inhibitors, such as ruxolitinib and tofacitinib, results in dramatic clinical improvement (summary by Gruber et al., 2020). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1750270
Concept ID:
C5436572
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Immunodeficiency 73b with defective neutrophil chemotaxis and lymphopenia

Immunodeficiency-73B with defective neutrophil chemotaxis (IMD73B) is an autosomal dominant immunologic disorder characterized by onset of recurrent infections in infancy or early childhood. Affected individuals develop respiratory infections, cellulitis, and severe invasive infections or sepsis; organisms include bacteria such as Staphylococcus, as well as viruses, fungi, and mycobacterial species. Laboratory studies show variable abnormalities, including B- and T-cell lymphopenia, decreased immunoglobulin subsets, decreased TRECs and dysfunctional T cells, decreased NK cells, neutropenia, and impaired neutrophil chemotaxis. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is curative (summary by Hsu et al., 2019; review by Lougaris et al., 2020). In a review of autosomal forms of chronic granulomatous disease (see 306400 for genetic heterogeneity of CGD), Roos et al. (2021) noted that patients with RAC2 mutations may manifest CGD-like symptoms due to defects in neutrophil NADPH oxidase activity. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1740566
Concept ID:
C5436549
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Immunodeficiency 73c with defective neutrophil chemotaxis and hypogammaglobulinemia

MedGen UID:
1734177
Concept ID:
C5436550
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Cardioacrofacial dysplasia 2

Cardioacrofacial dysplasia-2 (CAFD2) is characterized by congenital cardiac defects, primarily common atrium or atrioventricular septal defect; limb anomalies, including short limbs, brachydactyly, and postaxial polydactyly; and dysmorphic facial features. Developmental delay of variable severity has also been observed (Palencia-Campos et al., 2020). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of CAFD, see CAFD1 (619142). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1731253
Concept ID:
C5436886
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Coloboma of optic nerve (disease)

MedGen UID:
1720700
Concept ID:
CN030310
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Ectodermal dysplasia 4, hair/nail type

Some ectodermal dysplasias are here classified as congenital disorders characterized by abnormal development in 2 or more ectodermal structures (hair, nails, teeth, and sweat glands) without other systemic findings. Ectodermal dysplasia of the hair/nail type is a rare congenital condition characterized by hypotrichosis and nail dystrophy without nonectodermal or other ectodermal manifestations. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1720686
Concept ID:
CN029917
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Combined immunodeficiency, X-linked

MedGen UID:
1720670
Concept ID:
CN030319
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Developmental and epileptic encephalopathy, 87

Developmental and epileptic encephalopathy-87 (DEE87) is a neurologic disorder characterized by global developmental delay, hypotonia, and onset of frequent refractory seizures or infantile spasms between 6 and 15 months of age. Affected individuals have severely impaired motor and cognitive development with little or absent speech and poor visual tracking. More variable features include facial dysmorphisms, joint laxity, and nonspecific brain imaging findings (summary by Chung et al., 2020). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1719688
Concept ID:
C5394501
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Agenesis of corpus callosum, cardiac, ocular, and genital syndrome

Agenesis of corpus callosum, cardiac, ocular, and genital syndrome (ACOGS) is a syndromic neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by global developmental delay and/or intellectual disability, corpus callosum agenesis or hypoplasia, craniofacial dysmorphisms, and ocular, cardiac, and genital anomalies (Accogli et al., 2019). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1718475
Concept ID:
C5394523
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Intellectual developmental disorder, autosomal dominant 63, with macrocephaly

MedGen UID:
1716581
Concept ID:
C5394205
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Episodic ataxia type 9

Episodic ataxia type 9 (EA9) is a neurologic disorder characterized by onset of ataxic episodes in the first years of life. Features may include difficulty walking, dizziness, slurred speech, headache, vomiting, and pain. The ataxic episodes vary in frequency and duration; most tend to occur every few weeks or months and last minutes to hours. Prior to the EA, most patients have neonatal- or infantile-onset tonic or generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures that may be severe and refractory to medication, but remit later in infancy or early childhood, either spontaneously or concurrently with medication. Some patients have mildly delayed development with speech delay and/or autistic features or mildly impaired intellectual development. However, others show normal psychomotor development. Treatment of the ataxic episodes with acetazolamide is effective in about 50% of patients (summary by Schwarz et al., 2019). For a phenotypic description and discussion of genetic heterogeneity of episodic ataxia, see EA1 (160120). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1714171
Concept ID:
C5394520
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Long QT syndrome 16

LQT16 Long QT syndrome-16 (LQT16) is characterized by a markedly prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval and 2:1 atrioventricular (AV) block, with onset in the perinatal period. Patients experience bradycardia or ventricular tachyarrhythmias that may result in syncope, cardiac arrest, and/or sudden death (Reed et al., 2015; Wren et al., 2019). Patients with LQT14 (616247), LQT15 (616249), or LQT16, resulting from mutation in calmodulin genes CALM1 (114180), CALM2 (114182), or CALM3, respectively, typically have a more severe phenotype, with earlier onset, profound QT prolongation, and a high predilection for cardiac arrest and sudden death, than patients with mutations in other genes (Boczek et al., 2016). CPVT6 Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia-6 (CPVT6) is characterized by childhood-onset syncopal episodes with exercise or stress. Electrocardiogram (ECG) shows a normal QT interval with a prominent U wave, and stress testing reveals premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) that may occur as bigeminy or couplets, and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (Gomez-Hurtado et al., 2016). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1713991
Concept ID:
C5394068
Disease or Syndrome
17.

46,xx sex reversal 5

SRXX5 is characterized by genital virilization in 46,XX individuals, associated with congenital heart disease and variable somatic anomalies including blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (Bashamboo et al., 2018). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1713956
Concept ID:
C5394441
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Intellectual developmental disorder 62

MedGen UID:
1712636
Concept ID:
C5394083
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 14

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia-14 (ARVD14) is characterized by palpitations, chest pain, and presyncope. Electrocardiography shows epsilon waves, T-wave inversion across anterior leads, premature ventricular contractions, ventricular tachycardia, and left bundle branch block. Dilation of the right ventricle with hypokinesia and aneurysmal changes are seen on echocardiography. Cardiac MRI may show fibrofatty infiltration, which has been confirmed by endocardial biopsy in some patients. Sudden death may occur (Mayosi et al., 2017). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of ARVD, see ARVD1 (107970). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1712001
Concept ID:
C5394505
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus 4

Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus-4 (PNDM4) is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia due to severe nonautoimmune insulin deficiency diagnosed in the first months of life (summary by Polak et al., 2008). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, see PNDM1 (606176). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1711191
Concept ID:
C5394307
Disease or Syndrome
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