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Items: 11

1.

Malignant tumor of breast

Breast cancer is a disease in which certain cells in the breast become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably to form a tumor. Although breast cancer is much more common in women, this form of cancer can also develop in men. In both women and men, the most common form of breast cancer begins in cells lining the milk ducts (ductal cancer). In women, cancer can also develop in the glands that produce milk (lobular cancer). Most men have little or no lobular tissue, so lobular cancer in men is very rare. \n\nIn its early stages, breast cancer usually does not cause pain and may exhibit no noticeable symptoms. As the cancer progresses, signs and symptoms can include a lump or thickening in or near the breast; a change in the size or shape of the breast; nipple discharge, tenderness, or retraction (turning inward); and skin irritation, dimpling, redness, or scaliness. However, these changes can occur as part of many different conditions. Having one or more of these symptoms does not mean that a person definitely has breast cancer.\n\nIn some cases, cancerous cells can invade surrounding breast tissue. In these cases, the condition is known as invasive breast cancer. Sometimes, tumors spread to other parts of the body. If breast cancer spreads, cancerous cells most often appear in the bones, liver, lungs, or brain. Tumors that begin at one site and then spread to other areas of the body are called metastatic cancers.\n\nA small percentage of all breast cancers cluster in families. These cancers are described as hereditary and are associated with inherited gene mutations. Hereditary breast cancers tend to develop earlier in life than noninherited (sporadic) cases, and new (primary) tumors are more likely to develop in both breasts. [from MedlinePlus Genetics]

MedGen UID:
651
Concept ID:
C0006142
Neoplastic Process
2.

Breast carcinoma

A carcinoma arising from the breast, most commonly the terminal ductal-lobular unit. It is the most common malignant tumor in females. Risk factors include country of birth, family history, menstrual and reproductive history, fibrocystic disease and epithelial hyperplasia, exogenous estrogens, contraceptive agents, and ionizing radiation. The vast majority of breast carcinomas are adenocarcinomas (ductal or lobular). Breast carcinoma spreads by direct invasion, by the lymphatic route, and by the blood vessel route. The most common site of lymph node involvement is the axilla. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
146260
Concept ID:
C0678222
Neoplastic Process
3.

Metastatic malignant neoplasm in the lymph nodes

The spread of a malignant neoplasm from its original site of growth to lymph nodes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
151947
Concept ID:
C0686619
Neoplastic Process
4.

Adult Fanconi syndrome

Probably related to a recessive gene, this is Fanconi Syndrome, characterised by adult onset. -- 2003 [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137960
Concept ID:
C0341703
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Frequent

Present in 30% to 79% of the cases. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
87144
Concept ID:
C0332183
Temporal Concept
6.

Breast neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm of the breast parenchyma. It can originate from the ducts, lobules or the breast adipose tissue. Breast neoplasms are much more common in females than males. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
264172
Concept ID:
C1458155
Neoplastic Process
7.

Skin disorder

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the skin or subcutaneous tissue that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20777
Concept ID:
C0037274
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Neoplasm of the liver

A benign or malignant epithelial neoplasm that affects the liver parenchyma and intrahepatic bile ducts. Representative examples of benign epithelial neoplasms include hepatocellular adenoma and intrahepatic bile duct adenoma. Representative examples of malignant epithelial neoplasms include hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. [from MONDO]

MedGen UID:
9797
Concept ID:
C0023903
Neoplastic Process
9.

Breast disease

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the breast. Representative examples of non-neoplastic disorders include fibrocystic disease, gynecomastia, and mastitis. Representative examples of neoplastic disorders include fibroadenoma, lobular neoplasia, carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
652
Concept ID:
C0006145
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Malignant neoplasm of other specified sites of female breast

MedGen UID:
775803
Concept ID:
C0153555
Neoplastic Process
11.

Breast carcinoma by gene expression profile

A header term that includes the following breast carcinoma subtypes determined by gene expression profiling: luminal A breast carcinoma, luminal B breast carcinoma, HER2 positive breast carcinoma, basal-like breast carcinoma, triple-negative breast carcinoma, and normal breast-like subtype of breast carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
770984
Concept ID:
C3642344
Neoplastic Process
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