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Items: 12

1.

Melanoma

A malignant, usually aggressive tumor composed of atypical, neoplastic melanocytes. Most often, melanomas arise in the skin (cutaneous melanomas) and include the following histologic subtypes: superficial spreading melanoma, nodular melanoma, acral lentiginous melanoma, and lentigo maligna melanoma. Cutaneous melanomas may arise from acquired or congenital melanocytic or dysplastic nevi. Melanomas may also arise in other anatomic sites including the gastrointestinal system, eye, urinary tract, and reproductive system. Melanomas frequently metastasize to lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
9944
Concept ID:
C0025202
Neoplastic Process
2.

MedGen UID:
880980
Concept ID:
CN236628
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Metabolic disease

A congenital (due to inherited enzyme abnormality) or acquired (due to failure of a metabolic important organ) disorder resulting from an abnormal metabolic process. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44376
Concept ID:
C0025517
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Neoplasm

A benign or malignant tissue growth resulting from uncontrolled cell proliferation. Benign neoplastic cells resemble normal cells without exhibiting significant cytologic atypia, while malignant cells exhibit overt signs such as dysplastic features, atypical mitotic figures, necrosis, nuclear pleomorphism, and anaplasia. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include papillomas, cystadenomas, and lipomas; malignant neoplasms include carcinomas, sarcomas, lymphomas, and leukemias. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10294
Concept ID:
C0027651
Neoplastic Process
5.

Neuroendocrine neoplasm

A tumor that originates from a neuroendocrine cell. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64652
Concept ID:
C0206754
Neoplastic Process
6.

Neuroectodermal neoplasm

A neoplasm arising in the neuroectoderm, the portion of the ectoderm of the early embryo that gives rise to the central and peripheral nervous systems, including some glial cells. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
60072
Concept ID:
C0206093
Neoplastic Process
7.

Embryonal neoplasm

A usually malignant neoplasm composed of primitive (immature) tissues that resemble fetal tissues. Medulloblastoma, ependymoblastoma, pineoblastoma, and Wilms tumor are representative embryonal neoplasms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45034
Concept ID:
C0027654
Neoplastic Process
8.

Skin disorder

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the skin or subcutaneous tissue that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20777
Concept ID:
C0037274
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Neoplasm of the skin

A benign, intermediate, or malignant neoplasm involving the skin. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19993
Concept ID:
C0037286
Neoplastic Process
10.

Nervous tissue neoplasm

Neoplasms composed of nerve tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the nervous system or its component nerves. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14324
Concept ID:
C0027665
Neoplastic Process
11.

Inherited neuroendocrine tumor

An instance of neuroendocrine neoplasm that is caused by an inherited modification of the individual's genome. [from MONDO]

MedGen UID:
798508
Concept ID:
CN202530
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Inherited skin tumor

MedGen UID:
798467
Concept ID:
CN200547
Disease or Syndrome
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