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J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 1999 Nov;19(6):953-74.

The TrkB receptor tyrosine kinase regulates cellular proliferation via signal transduction pathways involving SHC, PLCgamma, and CBL.

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Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology and Neuroscience Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106, USA.


The TrkB protein tyrosine kinase is a high affinity receptor for brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4). TrkB autophosphorylation occurs on five cytoplasmic tyrosines: Y484, Y670, Y674, Y675, and Y785. Using site directed mutagenesis, we have assessed the importance of TrkB tyrosines 484 and 785 in affecting TrkB-mediated signaling events leading to NIH 3T3 cell mitogenesis and survival. Mutation of TrkB tyrosine 484, while having no affect on BDNF-inducible PLCgamma and Cbl tyrosine phosphorylation, is essential for the phosphorylation of Shc, the complete activation of extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and the induction of c-fos protein synthesis. In contrast, mutation of Y785 does not significantly affect BDNF-inducible Shc phosphorylation, ERK1/2 activation, or c-fos protein synthesis, but completely inhibits the tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCgamma and Cbl. These data indicate that both ERK-dependent and ERK-independent signaling pathways lead to BDNF-inducible mitogenesis and survival.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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