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FEBS Lett. 1999 Dec 17;463(3):312-6.

Protein kinase CK1 is a p53-threonine 18 kinase which requires prior phosphorylation of serine 15.

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Biomedical Research Centre, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.


p53 is a potent transcription factor which is regulated by sequential multisite phosphorylation and acetylation. In this paper, we identify threonine 18 of p53, a key site in regulating the interaction between p53 and its regulatory partner MDM2, as a novel site phosphorylated in vitro by purified recombinant casein kinase 1 (CK1) delta. Strikingly, phosphorylation of threonine 18 is dependent upon prior phosphorylation of serine 15. These data highlight an additional and physiologically important target residue for CK1 in p53 and suggest a potential mechanism by which sequential modification of a pivotal N-terminal residue in p53 may occur following stress-activated modification of serine 15.

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