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Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Mar 1;30(5):1154-62.

Phosphorylation of mammalian translation initiation factor 5 (eIF5) in vitro and in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Developmental and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Abstract

Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5 (eIF5) interacts with the 40S initiation complex (40S*eIF3*AUG*Met-tRNA(f)*eIF2*GTP) and, acting as a GTPase activating protein, promotes the hydrolysis of bound GTP. We isolated a protein kinase from rabbit reticulocyte lysates on the basis of its ability to phosphorylate purified bacterially expressed recombinant rat eIF5. Physical, biochemical and antigenic properties of this kinase identify it as casein kinase II (CK II). Mass spectrometric analysis of maximally in vitro phosphorylated eIF5 localized the major phosphorylation sites at Ser-387 and Ser-388 near the C-terminus of eIF5. These serine residues are embedded within a cluster of acidic amino acid residues and account for nearly 90% of the total in vitro eIF5 phosphorylation. A minor phosphorylation site at Ser-174 was also observed. Alanine substitution mutagenesis at Ser-387 and Ser-388 of eIF5 abolishes phosphorylation by the purified kinase as well as by crude reticulocyte lysates. The same mutations also abolish phosphorylation of eIF5 when transfected into mammalian cells suggesting that CK II phosphorylates eIF5 at these two serine residues in vivo as well.

PMID:
11861906
PMCID:
PMC101238
DOI:
10.1093/nar/30.5.1154
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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