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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 7;277(23):21007-16. Epub 2002 Mar 19.

p59Hck isoform induces F-actin reorganization to form protrusions of the plasma membrane in a Cdc42- and Rac-dependent manner.

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Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 5089, 205 route de Narbonne, Toulouse cedex 31077, France.


Hck is a protein kinase of the Src family specifically expressed in phagocytes as two isoforms, p59Hck and p61Hck, localized at the plasma membrane and lysosomes, respectively. Their individual involvement in functions ascribed to Hck, phagocytosis, cell migration, and lysosome mobilization, is still unclarified. To investigate the specific role of p59Hck, a constitutively active variant in fusion with green fluorescent protein (p59Hck(ca)) was expressed in HeLa cells. p59Hck(ca) was found at focal adhesion sites and triggered reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, leading to plasma membrane protrusions where it co-localized with F-actin. Similarly, microinjection of p59Hck(ca) cDNA in J774.A1 macrophages induced membrane protrusions. Whereas kinase activity and membrane association of p59Hck were dispensable for location at focal adhesions, p59Hck-induced membrane protrusions were dependent on kinase activity, plasma membrane association, and Src homology 2 but not Src homology 3 domain and were inhibited by dominant-negative forms of Cdc42 or Rac but not by blocking Rho activity. A dominant negative form of p59Hck inhibited the Cdc42- and Rac-dependent FcgammaRIIa-mediated phagocytosis. Expression of the Cdc42/Rac-interacting domain of p21-activated kinase in macrophages abolished the p59Hck(ca)-induced morphological changes. Therefore, p59Hck-triggered remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton depends upon the activity of Cdc42 and Rac to promote formation of membrane protrusions necessary for phagocytosis and cell migration.

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