Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 2002 Oct 11;277(41):38087-94. Epub 2002 Aug 5.

Ligand-independent activation of the androgen receptor by interleukin-6 and the role of steroid receptor coactivator-1 in prostate cancer cells.

Author information

Department of Cancer Endocrinology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 4E6, Canada.


The androgen receptor (AR) can be activated in the absence of androgens by interleukin-6 (IL-6) in human prostate cancer cells. The events involved in ligand-independent activation of the AR are unknown, but have been suggested to involve phosphorylation of the AR itself or a receptor-associated protein. Steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1) has been shown to interact with the human AR and to modulate ligand-dependent AR transactivation and is regulated by phosphorylation by MAPK. To date, no one has examined the role of SRC-1 in ligand-independent activation of the AR by IL-6 or other signaling pathways known to activate the full-length receptor. This study addressed this and has revealed the following. 1) SRC-1 similarly enhanced ligand-independent activation of the AR by IL-6 to the same magnitude as that obtained via ligand-dependent activation. 2) Androgen and IL-6 stimulated the MAPK pathway. 3) MAPK was required for both ligand-dependent and ligand-independent activation of the AR. 4) Phosphorylation of SRC-1 by MAPK was required for optimal ligand-independent activation of the AR by IL-6. 5) Protein-protein interaction between endogenous AR and SRC-1 was dependent upon treatment of LNCaP cells with IL-6 or R1881. 6) Protein-protein interaction between the AR N-terminal domain and SRC-1 was independent of MAPK. 7) Ligand-independent activation of the AR did not occur by a mechanism of overexpression of either solely wild-type SRC-1 or mutant SRC-1 that mimics its phosphorylated form.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center