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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 8;277(45):43327-34. Epub 2002 Sep 5.

Post-translational modification of bone morphogenetic protein-1 is required for secretion and stability of the protein.

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Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell-Matrix Research, University of Manchester, School of Biological Sciences, Stopford Building 2.205, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom.


Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-1 is a glycosylated metalloproteinase that is fundamental to the synthesis of a normal extracellular matrix because it cleaves type I procollagen, as well as other precursor proteins. Sequence analysis suggests that BMP-1 has six potential N-linked glycosylation sites (i.e. NXS/T) namely: Asn(91) (prodomain), Asn(142) (metalloproteinase domain), Asn(332) and Asn(363) (CUB1 domain), Asn(599) (CUB3 domain), and Asn(726) in the C-terminal-specific domain. In this study we showed that all these sites are N-glycosylated with complex-type oligosaccharides containing sialic acid, except Asn(726) presumably because proline occurs immediately C-terminal of threonine in the consensus sequence. Recombinant BMP-1 molecules lacking all glycosylation sites or the three CUB-specific sites were not secreted. BMP-1 lacking CUB glycosylation was translocated to the proteasome for degradation. BMP-1 molecules lacking individual glycosylation sites were efficiently secreted and exhibited full procollagen C-proteinase activity, but N332Q and N599Q exhibited a slower rate of cleavage. BMP-1 molecules lacking any one of the CUB-specific glycosylation sites were sensitive to thermal denaturation. The study showed that the glycosylation sites in the CUB domains of BMP-1 are important for secretion and stability of the molecule.

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