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FEBS Lett. 2005 Aug 29;579(21):4763-8.

Analysis of mTOR signaling by the small G-proteins, Rheb and RhebL1.

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University of Dundee, Medical Sciences Institute/Wellcome Building Complex, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK.


The small G protein Rheb (Ras homologue enriched in brain) is known to promote mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. In this study, we show that Rheb like-1 protein (RhebL1) rescues mTOR signaling during nutrient withdrawal and that tuberous sclerosis complex-1 (TSC) and TSC2 impairs RhebL1-mediated signaling through mTOR. We identify critical residues within the switch I region (N41) and 'constitutive' effector (Ec) region (Y/F54 and L56) of Rheb and RhebL1, which are required for their efficient activation of mTOR signaling. Mutation of Rheb and RhebL1 at N41 impaired their interaction with mTOR, which identifies mTOR as a common downstream target of both Rheb and RhebL1.

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