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Poult Sci. 2010 Feb;89(2):349-52. doi: 10.3382/ps.2009-00138.

Investigation of mitochondrial protein expression and oxidation in heart muscle in low and high feed efficient male broilers in a single genetic line.

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Department of Poultry Science, Center of Excellence for Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA.


The objective of this study was to assess the expression of mitochondrial proteins and oxidized proteins in heart muscle homogenate obtained from male broilers exhibiting either high or low feed efficiency (G:F) phenotypes. Tissue homogenate was prepared from ventricular tissue obtained from broilers with high (0.80+/-0.01, n=8) and low (0.62+/-0.02, n=8) FE. The levels of specific immunoreactive proteins and oxidized proteins (carbonyls) were determined using Western blot analysis. The expression of 6 electron transport chain proteins [complex II, 70S subunit (CII 70S); iron-sulfur-containing protein (ISP), cytochrome b (Cyt b), cytochrome (Cyt c1) (of complex III); and cytochrome oxidase subunit II (COX II) (of complex IV)] and adenine nucleotide translocator 1 (ANT1) were higher in low feed efficiency heart mitochondria, but 1 protein [NAD subunit 6c (NAD6c) (complex I)] was higher in high feed efficiency birds. Protein carbonyl levels, indicative of oxidized proteins, were higher in heart tissue of low compared with high feed efficiency broilers.

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