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Eur J Biochem. 1990 Sep 11;192(2):515-21.

Primary structure of the bovine analogues to human apolipoproteins CII and CIII. Studies on isoforms and evidence for proteolytic processing.

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1
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of UmeƄ, Sweden.

Abstract

Two major isoforms of the bovine analogue to human apolipoprotein (apo) CII were purified from plasma. They were both as effective as human apo CII in activating lipoprotein lipase. Amino acid sequencing revealed that one form contained 79 amino acid residues, and corresponded to human pro apo CII. The other form lacked the first six residues at its N-terminus. This was apparently due to cleavage of the -Gln-Asp- linkage in the sequence H2N-Ala-His-Val-Pro-Gln-Gln-Asp-Glu-, analogous to cleavages described for human apo AI and apo CII. Previous studies with human apo CII have shown that the ability to activate lipoprotein lipase resides in the C-terminal third of the molecule. This was highly conserved in the bovine analogue: of the 30 last residues, 21 are identical. Five residues in this part of human apo CII have been reported to be essential for activation of lipoprotein lipase. Only one of these, Tyr63, is present in the bovine sequence. The bovine structure contains a threonine at position 61, instead of serine in the human, and the four last residues are -Ser-Gly-Lys-Asp instead of the allegedly necessary -Lys-Gly-Glu-Glu. Three differently sialylated isoforms of the bovine analogue to human apolipoprotein CIII were also isolated and partially sequenced. All three lacked the first three N-terminal residues as compared to sequences from other species (man, dog and rat). Sequence differences were more pronounced at the ends than in the central parts of the apo CIII molecules.

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