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J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 25;265(33):20488-95.

The polylactosaminoglycans of human lysosomal membrane glycoproteins lamp-1 and lamp-2. Localization on the peptide backbones.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of UmeƄ, Sweden.


Lysosome membrane glycoproteins, lamp-1 and lamp-2, have been shown to contain 18 and 16 N-glycans, some of which are modified by poly-N-acetyl-lactosamine. We have localized the polylactosaminoglycans to specific sites on lamp-1 and lamp-2 purified from human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells. Polylactosaminoglycan-containing glycopeptides, obtained by trypsin, pepsin, and V8 protease digestion of the glycoproteins, were isolated by Datura stramonium agglutinin affinity chromatography, gel filtration, and reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. The poly-N-acetyllactosaminyl structures of isolated glycopeptides were confirmed by the susceptibility of their released oligosaccharides to endo-beta-galactosidase. Amino acid analysis and sequencing demonstrated that polylactosaminoglycans were located at Asn-34, Asn-93 and/or Asn-102, and Asn-195 and/or Asn-200 in lamp-1, and at Asn-4 and/or Asn-10, and Asn-279 in lamp-2. These results indicated that only certain glycosylation sites can be selectively modified by poly-N-acetyllactosamine, and those sites may confer the requirement by beta 1----3-N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase.

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