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J Biol Chem. 1987 Mar 5;262(7):3082-5.

Sulfation of a tyrosine residue in the plasmin-binding domain of alpha 2-antiplasmin.


Sulfation of human alpha 2-antiplasmin, the major plasma inhibitor of fibrinolysis, was examined using both protein isolated from human plasma and protein synthesized and biosynthetically labeled with [35S]sulfate by a human hepatoma-derived cell line. Linkage of sulfate to tyrosine was demonstrated by recovery of labeled tyrosine sulfate after base hydrolysis of sulfate-labeled alpha 2-antiplasmin. Analysis by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography of peptides released from alpha 2-antiplasmin by cleavage with trypsin or cyanogen bromide indicated that sulfate is linked to a single segment of the protein. A cyanogen bromide peptide corresponding to the sulfate-labeled peptide was prepared from alpha 2-antiplasmin isolated from human plasma. Consistent with the presence of tyrosine sulfate in this peptide, its chromatographic elution was altered by treatment with acid under conditions which release sulfate from a tyrosine residue. No peptide in the total digest of alpha 2-antiplasmin by cyanogen bromide eluted at the position of the peptide following desulfation, suggesting that all of the protein is in a sulfated form. The sequence of the sulfate-containing cyanogen bromide peptide as determined by sequential Edman degradation, amino acid composition, and fast atom-bombardment-mass spectrometry was: Glu-Glu-Asp-Tyr(SO4)-Pro-Gln-Phe-Gly-Ser-Pro-Lys-COOH. This peptide is a segment of the previously identified plasmin-binding domain of alpha 2-antiplasmin.

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