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J Biomed Sci. 2018 Feb 28;25(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s12929-018-0424-6.

Long non-coding RNA Gas5 regulates proliferation and apoptosis in HCS-2/8 cells and growth plate chondrocytes by controlling FGF1 expression via miR-21 regulation.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Medical Administration, Children's Hospital of Hunan Province, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China.
3
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China.
4
Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China. ZhangJianIOIO@163.com.
5
Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Xiangya Road No.87, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China. ZhangJianIOIO@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

LncRNA Gas5 is known to be a key control element during growth, differentiation and development in mammalian species. However, the role and function of Gas5 in growth plate chondrocytes has not been determined.

METHODS:

The overexpression and knockdown models of Gas5 and miR-21 in cells and animals were constructed. Cell survival was determined by MTT assay and flow cytometry. Animal biochemical indices were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, hematoxylin/eosin staining, immunohistochemistry or in situ hybridisation. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay was carried out to study targeting.

RESULTS:

First, we found the expression levels of fibroblast growth factor 1(FGF1) were up-regulated and miR-21 were down-regulated in Gas5 overexpressing model cells. Meanwhile, the expression levels of FGF1 and Gas5 were up-regulated in miR-21 knockdown model cells. Furthermore, cell proliferation was significantly promoted after Gas5 knockdown or miR-21 overexpression. Subsequently, Gas5 promoted apoptosis, while miR-21 suppressed apoptosis. Animal assays demonstrated that both Gas5 and dexamethasone suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis of growth plate chondrocytes, up-regulated FGF1 expression but reduced miR-21 expression. Finally, there was a binding relationship between Gas5, miR-21 and FGF1.

CONCLUSION:

We concluded that Gas5 regulated proliferation and apoptosis in growth plate by controlling FGF1 expression via miR-21 regulation.

KEYWORDS:

FGF1; Gas5; Glucocorticoids; Growth plate chondrocyte; miR-21

PMID:
29490650
PMCID:
PMC5830091
DOI:
10.1186/s12929-018-0424-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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