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Mol Cell Biol. 1995 Feb;15(2):835-42.

Tyrosine phosphorylation of BCR by FPS/FES protein-tyrosine kinases induces association of BCR with GRB-2/SOS.

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Department of Genetics, University of Tokyo, Japan.


The human bcr gene encodes a protein with serine/threonine kinase activity, CDC24/dbl homology, a GAP domain, and an SH2-binding region. However, the precise physiological functions of BCR are unknown. Coexpression of BCR with the cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase encoded by the c-fes proto-oncogene in Sf-9 cells resulted in stable BCR-FES protein complex formation and tyrosine phosphorylation of BCR. Association involves the SH2 domain of FES and a novel binding domain localized to the first 347 amino acids of the FES N-terminal region. Deletion of the homologous N-terminal BCR-binding domain from v-fps, a fes-related transforming oncogene, abolished transforming activity and tyrosine phosphorylation of BCR in vivo. Tyrosine phosphorylation of BCR in v-fps-transformed cells induced its association with GRB-2/SOS, the RAS guanine nucleotide exchange factor complex. These data provide evidence that BCR couples the cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase and RAS signaling pathways.

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