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Eur J Biochem. 1995 Aug 1;231(3):754-60.

Site-specific and complete enzymic deglycosylation of the native human chorionic gonadotropin alpha-subunit.

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Bijvoet Center, Department of Bio-Organic Chemistry, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.


Numerous studies have shown that glycosylation of the alpha-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (alpha hCG) is essential for the biological activity of this hormone. To obtain detailed insight into the function of N-glycosylation, the availability of site-specifically and fully deglycosylated alpha-subunits obtained under non-denaturing conditions is a prerequisite. NMR spectroscopy in combination with FAB-mapping demonstrates that only Asn52 of the alpha-subunit is accessible to digestion by peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F under native conditions. Treatment of native alpha hCG with endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase B results in full deglycosylation yielding alpha hCG with one GlcNAc residue at both Asn52 and Asn78.

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