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J Biol Chem. 1993 Apr 5;268(10):7571-6.

Interaction of the human insulin receptor tyrosine kinase from the baculovirus expression system with protein kinase C in a cell-free system.

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Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.


The cytoplasmic domain of the human insulin receptor (HIR) from the baculovirus expression system (BIRK) is a soluble, constitutively activated protein-tyrosine kinase. In a cell-free system, BIRK is phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues by protein kinase C (PKC) purified from rat brain. Two-dimensional tryptic phosphopeptide mapping of PKC-phosphorylated BIRK identified one phosphothreonine and three phosphoserine peptides, which were also in tryptic digests of insulin receptors from insulin- or PMA-treated Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with the HIR. After Lys-C proteolysis of PKC-phosphorylated BIRK, radioactive phosphopeptides were purified on a C8 reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography column. Amino acid sequence analysis identified a phosphothreonine peptide corresponding to amino acids 1331-1340 of the HIR. This peptide contains only one threonine, amino acid 1336, which is identified as a site for PKC phosphorylation in BIRK. CHO cells transfected with the wild type (CHO/HIR) or a mutant human insulin receptor (CHO/HIRT1336N), in which threonine 1336 was substituted with asparagine, were 32P labeled and then stimulated with insulin or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Two-dimensional phosphopeptide analysis of the HIR revealed that phosphorylation of phosphothreonine peptide T, shown to be in PKC-phosphorylated BIRK, was increased by insulin or PMA. However, the corresponding peptide was not in the mutant receptor. Therefore, the present study directly identifies threonine 1336 in the HIR as a phosphorylation site for insulin and PMA. These data also show that BIRK can be used as a model for the study of the regulation of the insulin receptor kinase.

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