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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Mar 5;93(5):2077-82.

Different interleukin 2 receptor beta-chain tyrosines couple to at least two signaling pathways and synergistically mediate interleukin 2-induced proliferation.

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Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1674, USA.


One of the earliest events induced by interleukin 2 (IL-2) is tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins, including the IL-2 receptor beta chain (IL-2Rbeta). Simultaneous mutation of three tyrosines (Y338, Y392, and Y510) in the IL-2Rbeta cytoplasmic domain abrogated IL-2-induced proliferation, whereas mutation of only Y338 or of Y392 and Y510 inhibited proliferation only partially. While Y392 and Y510 were critical for IL-2-induced activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT proteins), Y338 was required for Shc-IL-2Rbeta association and for IL-2-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc. Thus, activation of both Jak-STAT and Shc-coupled signaling pathways requires specific IL-2Rbeta tyrosines that together act in concert to mediate maximal proliferation. In COS-7 cells, overexpression of Jak1 augmented phosphorylation of Y338 as well as Y392 and Y510, suggesting that the role for this Jak kinase may extend beyond the Jak-STAT pathway.

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