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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1997 Jan 15;337(2):143-8.

Phosphorylation of growth factor receptor binding protein-2 by pp60c-src tyrosine kinase.

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Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Pharmacia and Upjohn Inc., Kalamazoo, Michigan 49001, USA.


Growth factor receptor binding protein-2 (GRB2) couples growth factor receptor activation to the p21-ras nucleotide exchange factor son-of-sevenless. Both GRB2 and son-of-sevenless display phosphorylation in cells treated with growth factors and may be subject to feed back regulation in mitogen-stimulated cells. Herein, we demonstrate that pp60c-src can utilize GRB2 as a substrate. NIH 3T3 fibroblasts overexpressing pp60v-src contained high levels of phosphorylated GRB2. In comparison, control fibroblasts contained phosphorylated GRB2 only after stimulation with platelet-derived growth factor. Analysis of GRB2 immune complexes isolated from fibroblasts stimulated with PDGF or transformed by pp60v-src revealed a kinase activity capable of phosphorylating GRB2 in vitro. Incubation of native or recombinant GRB2 with purified pp60c-src provided additional support for pp60c-src as the kinase for GRB2. Deletion mutants of GRB2 demonstrated that pp60c-src phosphorylated GRB2 on a tyrosine residue (residue 160) located between the SH2 domain and carboxyl terminal SH3 domain. Mutation of tyrosine 160 to phenylalanine abolished phosphorylation of GRB2 by pp60c-src. We conclude that Src finds GRB2 a suitable substrate in vitro and may phosphorylate GRB2 in cells responding to platelet-derived growth factor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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