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Am J Physiol. 1998 May;274(5):C1215-25. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1998.274.5.C1215.

Human Na(+)-myo-inositol cotransporter gene: alternate splicing generates diverse transcripts.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.


Na(+)-myo-inositol cotransport activity generally maintains millimolar intracellular concentrations of myo-inositol and specifically promotes transepithelial myo-inositol transport in kidney, intestine, retina, and choroid plexus. Glucose-induced, tissue-specific myo-inositol depletion and impaired Na(+)-myo-inositol cotransport activity are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, a process modeled in vitro in cultured human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. To explore this process at the molecular level, a human RPE cDNA library was screened with a canine Na(+)-dependent myo-inositol cotransporter (SMIT) cDNA. Overlapping cDNAs spanning 3569 nt were cloned. The resulting cDNA sequence contained a 2154-nt open reading frame, 97% identical to the canine SMIT amino acid sequence. Genomic clones containing SMIT exons suggested that the cDNA is derived from at least five exons. Hypertonic stress induced a time-dependent increase, initially in a 16-kb transcript and subsequently in 11.5-, 9.8-, 8.5-, 3.8-, and approximately 1.2-kb SMIT transcripts, that was ascribed to alternate exon splicing using exon-specific probes and direct cDNA sequencing. The human SMIT gene is a complex multiexon transcriptional unit that by alternate exon splicing generates multiple SMIT transcripts that accumulate differentially in response to hypertonic stress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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