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dbSNP Short Genetic Variations

Welcome to the Reference SNP (rs) Report

All alleles are reported in the Forward orientation. Click on the Variant Details tab for details on Genomic Placement, Gene, and Amino Acid changes. HGVS names are in the HGVS tab.

Reference SNP (rs) Report

This page reports data for a single dbSNP Reference SNP variation (RefSNP or rs) from the new redesigned dbSNP build.
Top of the page reports a concise summary for the rs, with more specific details included in the corresponding tabs below.
All alleles are reported in the Forward orientation. Use the Genomic View to inspect the nucleotides flanking the variant, and its neighbors.
For more information see Help documentation.


Current Build 155

Released April 9, 2021

Homo sapiens
chr21:13017879 (GRCh38.p13) Help

The anchor position for this RefSNP. Includes all nucleotides potentially affected by this change, thus it can differ from HGVS, which is right-shifted. See here for details.

G>A / G>T
Variation Type
SNV Single Nucleotide Variation
A=0.43421 (6534/15048, ALFA)
A=0.4751 (1390/2926, KOREAN)
G=0.455 (174/382, SGDP_PRJ) (+ 1 more)
G=0.481 (104/216, Qatari)
Clinical Significance
Not Reported in ClinVar
Gene : Consequence
0 citations
Genomic View
See rs on genome

Variant Details tab shows known variant placements on genomic sequences: chromosomes (NC_), RefSeqGene, pseudogenes or genomic regions (NG_), and in a separate table: on transcripts (NM_) and protein sequences (NP_). The corresponding transcript and protein locations are listed in adjacent lines, along with molecular consequences from Sequence Ontology. When no protein placement is available, only the transcript is listed. Column "Codon[Amino acid]" shows the actual base change in the format of "Reference > Alternate" allele, including the nucleotide codon change in transcripts, and the amino acid change in proteins, respectively, allowing for known ribosomal slippage sites. To view nucleotides adjacent to the variant use the Genomic View at the bottom of the page - zoom into the sequence until the nucleotides around the variant become visible.

Genomic Placements
Sequence name Change
GRCh38.p13 chr 21 NC_000021.9:g.13017879G>A
GRCh38.p13 chr 21 NC_000021.9:g.13017879G>T
GRCh37.p13 chr 21 NC_000021.8:g.14390200G>A
GRCh37.p13 chr 21 NC_000021.8:g.14390200G>T

Clinical Significance tab shows a list of clinical significance entries from ClinVar associated with the variation, per allele. Click on the RCV accession (i.e. RCV000001615.2) or Allele ID (i.e. 12274) to access full ClinVar report.

Not Reported in ClinVar

ALFA Allele Frequency
The ALFA project provide aggregate allele frequency from dbGaP. More information is available on the project page including descriptions, data access, and terms of use.

Release Version: 20201027095038
Population Group Sample Size Ref Allele Alt Allele
Total Global 15048 G=0.56466 A=0.43421, T=0.00113
European Sub 11322 G=0.60802 A=0.39048, T=0.00150
African Sub 2294 G=0.3984 A=0.6016, T=0.0000
African Others Sub 84 G=0.37 A=0.63, T=0.00
African American Sub 2210 G=0.3995 A=0.6005, T=0.0000
Asian Sub 108 G=0.500 A=0.500, T=0.000
East Asian Sub 84 G=0.50 A=0.50, T=0.00
Other Asian Sub 24 G=0.50 A=0.50, T=0.00
Latin American 1 Sub 146 G=0.452 A=0.548, T=0.000
Latin American 2 Sub 610 G=0.493 A=0.507, T=0.000
South Asian Sub 94 G=0.49 A=0.51, T=0.00
Other Sub 474 G=0.489 A=0.511, T=0.000


Frequency tab displays a table of the reference and alternate allele frequencies reported by various studies and populations. Table lines, where Population="Global" refer to the entire study population, whereas lines, where Group="Sub", refer to a study-specific population subgroupings (i.e. AFR, CAU, etc.), if available. Frequency for the alternate allele (Alt Allele) is a ratio of samples observed-to-total, where the numerator (observed samples) is the number of chromosomes in the study with the minor allele present (found in "Sample size", where Group="Sub"), and the denominator (total samples) is the total number of all chromosomes in the study for the variant (found in "Sample size", where Group="Study-wide" and Population="Global").

Study Population Group Sample Size Ref Allele Alt Allele
KOREAN population from KRGDB KOREAN Study-wide 2926 G=0.5249 A=0.4751
SGDP_PRJ Global Study-wide 382 G=0.455 A=0.545
Qatari Global Study-wide 216 G=0.481 A=0.519

Aliases tab displays HGVS names representing the variant placements and allele changes on genomic, transcript and protein sequences, per allele. HGVS name is an expression for reporting sequence accession and version, sequence type, position, and allele change. The column "Note" can have two values: "diff" means that there is a difference between the reference allele (variation interval) at the placement reported in HGVS name and the reference alleles reported in other HGVS names, and "rev" means that the sequence of this variation interval at the placement reported in HGVS name is in reverse orientation to the sequence(s) of this variation in other HGVS names not labeled as "rev".

Placement G= A T
GRCh38.p13 chr 21 NC_000021.9:g.13017879= NC_000021.9:g.13017879G>A NC_000021.9:g.13017879G>T
GRCh37.p13 chr 21 NC_000021.8:g.14390200= NC_000021.8:g.14390200G>A NC_000021.8:g.14390200G>T

Submissions tab displays variations originally submitted to dbSNP, now supporting this RefSNP cluster (rs). We display Submitter handle, Submission identifier, Date and Build number, when the submission appeared for the first time. Direct submissions to dbSNP have Submission ID in the form of an ss-prefixed number (ss#). Other supporting variations are listed in the table without ss#.

24 SubSNP, 8 Frequency submissions
No Submitter Submission ID Date (Build)
1 PERLEGEN ss3995633 Sep 28, 2001 (100)
2 SC_SNP ss14759864 Dec 05, 2003 (119)
3 CSHL-HAPMAP ss19486117 Feb 27, 2004 (120)
4 ENSEMBL ss135656736 Dec 01, 2009 (147)
5 ENSEMBL ss138282133 Dec 01, 2009 (147)
6 GMI ss283460369 May 04, 2012 (137)
7 DDI ss1429120799 Apr 01, 2015 (144)
8 WEILL_CORNELL_DGM ss1938466535 Feb 12, 2016 (147)
9 SYSTEMSBIOZJU ss2629498146 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
10 GRF ss2704318389 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
11 SWEGEN ss3018580078 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
12 SWEGEN ss3018580079 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
13 CSHL ss3352626050 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
14 TOPMED ss3366035919 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
15 TOPMED ss3366035920 Nov 08, 2017 (151)
16 URBANLAB ss3651071842 Oct 12, 2018 (152)
17 PACBIO ss3793589872 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
18 PACBIO ss3798476106 Jul 13, 2019 (153)
19 SGDP_PRJ ss3889593718 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
20 KRGDB ss3939993567 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
21 KOGIC ss3982759933 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
22 KOGIC ss3982759934 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
23 TOMMO_GENOMICS ss5230695908 Apr 26, 2021 (155)
24 TOMMO_GENOMICS ss5230695909 Apr 26, 2021 (155)
25 KOREAN population from KRGDB NC_000021.8 - 14390200 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
26 Korean Genome Project

Submission ignored due to conflicting rows:
Row 39137934 (NC_000021.9:13017878:G:T 17/1610)
Row 39137935 (NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A 14/1610)

- Apr 27, 2020 (154)
27 Korean Genome Project

Submission ignored due to conflicting rows:
Row 39137934 (NC_000021.9:13017878:G:T 17/1610)
Row 39137935 (NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A 14/1610)

- Apr 27, 2020 (154)
28 Qatari NC_000021.8 - 14390200 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
29 SGDP_PRJ NC_000021.8 - 14390200 Apr 27, 2020 (154)
30 8.3KJPN

Submission ignored due to conflicting rows:
Row 88665215 (NC_000021.8:14390199:G:T 159/14536)
Row 88665216 (NC_000021.8:14390199:G:A 64/14536)

- Apr 26, 2021 (155)
31 8.3KJPN

Submission ignored due to conflicting rows:
Row 88665215 (NC_000021.8:14390199:G:T 159/14536)
Row 88665216 (NC_000021.8:14390199:G:A 64/14536)

- Apr 26, 2021 (155)
32 ALFA NC_000021.9 - 13017879 Apr 26, 2021 (155)

History tab displays RefSNPs (Associated ID) from previous builds (Build) that now support the current RefSNP, and the dates, when the history was updated for each Associated ID (History Updated).

Associated ID History Updated (Build)
rs78516614 Jul 19, 2016 (147)
Added to this RefSNP Cluster:
Submission IDs Observation SPDI Canonical SPDI Source RSIDs
ss283460369 NC_000021.7:13312070:G:A NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A (self)
47170961, 20508457, 41610698, ss1429120799, ss1938466535, ss2629498146, ss2704318389, ss3018580078, ss3352626050, ss3793589872, ss3798476106, ss3889593718, ss3939993567, ss5230695909 NC_000021.8:14390199:G:A NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A (self)
14444143044, ss3366035919, ss3651071842, ss3982759934 NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A (self)
ss14759864, ss19486117 NT_011512.9:52070:G:A NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A (self)
ss3995633, ss135656736, ss138282133 NT_011512.11:52070:G:A NC_000021.9:13017878:G:A (self)
ss3018580079, ss5230695908 NC_000021.8:14390199:G:T NC_000021.9:13017878:G:T (self)
14444143044, ss3366035920, ss3982759933 NC_000021.9:13017878:G:T NC_000021.9:13017878:G:T (self)

Publications tab displays PubMed articles citing the variation as a listing of PMID, Title, Author, Year, Journal, ordered by Year, descending.

No publications for rs2821575


The Flanks tab provides retrieving flanking sequences of a SNP on all molecules that have placements.

Genome context:
Select flank length:

Genomic regions, transcripts, and products
Top Help

NCBI Graphical Sequence Viewer display of the genomic region, transcripts and protein products for the reported RefSNP (rs).
Use the zoom option to view the nucleotides around the RefSNP and find other neighboring RefSNPs.
Visit Sequence Viewer for help with navigating inside the display and modifying the selection of displayed data tracks.

Software version is: 2.0.1.post596+ae089ad